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Are there two qualitatively distinct forms of dissociation? A review and some clinical implications.
- E. Holmes, Richard J. Brown, +4 authors D. Oakley
- Psychology, MedicineClinical psychology review
This review aims to clarify the use of the term 'dissociation' in theory, research and clinical practice, proposing that using this dichotomy can lead to clearer case formulation and an improved choice of treatment strategy.
Non-random associations of graphemes to colours in synaesthetic and non-synaesthetic populations
- J. Simner, J. Ward, +4 authors D. Oakley
- Psychology, MedicineCognitive neuropsychology
- 1 December 2005
It is shown that biases exist in the associations of letters with colours across individuals both with and without grapheme-colour synaesthesia, and that graphemed people tend to associate higher frequency graphemes with higher frequency colour terms.
Anxiety Reduction through Detachment: Subjective, Physiological, and Neural Effects
- R. Kalisch, K. Wiech, +5 authors R. Dolan
- Psychology, Computer ScienceJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
- 1 June 2005
It is shown that a cognitive strategy of detachment attenuates subjective and physiological measures of anticipatory anxiety for pain and reduces reactivity to receipt of pain itself.
Cerebral activation during hypnotically induced and imagined pain
Functional magnetic resonance imaging revealed significant changes during this hypnotically induced pain experience within the thalamus and anterior cingulate, insula, prefrontal, and parietal cortices, providing the first direct experimental evidence in humans linking specific neural activity with the immediate generation of a pain experience.
Hypnotic suggestion and cognitive neuroscience
With functional imaging, this type of experimental neuropsychopathology offers a productive means of investigating brain activity involved in many symptom-based disorders and their related phenomenology.
Delusions of alien control in the normal brain
It is suggested that, as a result of hypnotic suggestion, the functioning of this cerebellar-parietal network is altered so that self-produced actions are experienced as being external, which has implications for the brain mechanisms underlying delusions of control, which may be associated with overactivation of the cerebellary- parietal network.
Hypnosis and conversion hysteria: a unifying model.
- D. Oakley
- Psychology, MedicineCognitive neuropsychiatry
- 1 August 1999
It is proposed that as conversion disorder, pain disorder, and the dissociation disorders appear to be linked by a common mechanism they should be classified together under the heading of auto-suggestive disorder.
Imaging hypnotic paralysis: implications for conversion hysteria
In a single case study with positron emission tomography (PET) functional imaging, hypnotic paralysis activated similar brain areas to those in conversion hysteria, supporting the view that hypnosis…
Dissociation, hypnotizability, coping styles and health locus of control: characteristics of pseudoseizure patients
- L. Goldstein, C. Drew, J. Mellers, S. Mitchell-O’Malley, D. Oakley
- Psychology, MedicineSeizure
- 1 July 2000
In order to investigate the hypothesis that pseudoseizure patients may exhibit higher levels of dissociation, a more emotion-focused coping style, and greater hypnotic susceptibility than the general population, the questionnaire responses of 20 patients withpseudoseizures were compared with those obtained from a non-clinical control group.
Fibromyalgia pain and its modulation by hypnotic and non‐hypnotic suggestion: An fMRI analysis
Results provide evidence for the greater efficacy of suggestion following a hypnotic induction and indicate direct involvement of a network of areas widely associated with the pain ‘neuromatrix’ in fibromyalgia pain experience.