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Rapid Killing of Streptococcus pneumoniae with a Bacteriophage Cell Wall Hydrolase
Nasopharyngeal carriage is the major reservoir forStreptococcus pneumoniae in the community. Although eliminating this reservoir would greatly reduce disease occurrence, no suitable intervention hasExpand
PlyC: a multimeric bacteriophage lysin.
Lysins are murein hydrolases produced by bacteriophage that act on the bacterial host cell wall to release progeny phage. When added extrinsically in their purified form, these enzymes produce totalExpand
Endolysins as antimicrobials.
Peptidoglycan (PG) is the major structural component of the bacterial cell wall. Bacteria have autolytic PG hydrolases that allow the cell to grow and divide. A well-studied group of PG hydrolaseExpand
Prevention and elimination of upper respiratory colonization of mice by group A streptococci by using a bacteriophage lytic enzyme
Bacteriophage lytic enzymes quickly destroy the cell wall of the host bacterium to release progeny phage. Because such lytic enzymes specifically kill the species in which they were produced, theyExpand
Identification of a broadly active phage lytic enzyme with lethal activity against antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium.
Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium infections are increasingly difficult to treat due to high levels of resistance to antibiotics. PlyV12, a bacteriophage lytic enzyme, was isolated andExpand
Purification and Characterization of Biofilm-Associated EPS Exopolysaccharides from ESKAPE Organisms and Other Pathogens
In bacterial biofilms, high molecular weight, secreted exopolysaccharides can serve as a scaffold to which additional carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids adhere, forming the matrix ofExpand
PlyPH, a bacteriolytic enzyme with a broad pH range of activity and lytic action against Bacillus anthracis.
We have cloned a lytic enzyme, PlyPH, with a specific lytic effect on Bacillus anthracis strains. PlyPH remains active between pH 4 and 10.5, and a single dose rescued a significant percentage ofExpand
Prolyl Tripeptidyl Peptidase from Porphyromonas gingivalis
Porphyromonas gingivalis possesses a complex proteolytic system, which is essential for both its growth and evasion of host defense mechanisms. In this report we characterized, both at a protein andExpand
Emerging Family of Proline-Specific Peptidases ofPorphyromonas gingivalis: Purification and Characterization of Serine Dipeptidyl Peptidase, a Structural and Functional Homologue of Mammalian Prolyl
ABSTRACT Porphyromonas gingivalis is an asaccharolytic and anaerobic bacterium that possesses a complex proteolytic system which is essential for its growth and evasion of host defense mechanisms. InExpand
Removal of Group B Streptococci Colonizing the Vagina and Oropharynx of Mice with a Bacteriophage Lytic Enzyme
ABSTRACT Group B streptococci (GBS) are the leading cause of neonatal meningitis and sepsis worldwide. The current treatment strategy is limited to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis in pregnantExpand