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A Neural System for Error Detection and Compensation
Humans can monitor actions and compensate for errors. Analysis of the human event-related brain potentials (ERPs) accompanying errors provides evidence for a neural process whose activity is
Optimality in human motor performance: ideal control of rapid aimed movements.
The present conceptual framework provides insights into principles of motor performance, and it links the study of physical action to research on sensation, perception, and cognition, where psychologists have been concerned for some time about the degree to which mental processes incorporate rational and normative rules.
A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part 1. Basic mechanisms.
A new theoretical framework, executive-process interactive control (EPIC), is introduced for characterizing human performance of concurrent perceptual-motor and cognitive tasks. On the basis of EPIC,
Executive control of cognitive processes in task switching.
It appears that rule activation takes more time for switching from familiar to unfamiliar tasks than for switching in the opposite direction, supporting a model of executive control that has goal-shifting and rule-activation stages for task switching.
Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations.
The results of both experiments support a retrieval model involving a dependence between separate successive decisions about whether each of the two strings is a word.
An Overview of the EPIC Architecture for Cognition and Performance With Application to Human-Computer Interaction
This work describes some of the models used to construct precise computational models for a variety of human-computer interaction situations and demonstrates how EPIC clarifies basic properties of human performance and provides usefully precise accounts of performance speed.
A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part 2. Accounts of psychological refractory-period phenomena.
Further simulations of multiple task performance have been conducted with computational models that are based on the Executive Process Interactive Control (EPIC) architecture for human information processing, which supports the claim of the present theoretical framework thatmultiple task performance relies on adaptive executive control.
Virtually Perfect Time Sharing in Dual-Task Performance: Uncorking the Central Cognitive Bottleneck
The three experiments reported here support the hypothesis that after relatively modest amounts of practice, at least some participants achieve virtually perfect time sharing in the dual-task performance of basic choice reaction tasks.
The point of no return in choice reaction time: controlled and ballistic stages of response preparation.
Details are revealed about processes that so closely precede the initiation of movement that they cannot be inhibited and appear to be affected by the repetition of stimulus-response pairs, but not by the physical or semantic properties of the stimuli.
Speed—Accuracy Tradeoffs in Aimed Movements: Toward a Theory of Rapid Voluntary Action
The present chapter reviews the evolution of speed-accuracy tradeoff research and shows how a fresh perspective regarding the properties of elementary movement mechanisms may be obtained.