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Myeloid leukaemia inhibitory factor maintains the developmental potential of embryonic stem cells
Embryonic stem (ES) cells, the totipotent outgrowths of bias-tocysts1,2, can be cultured and manipulated in vitro and then returned to the embryonic environment where they develop normally and canExpand
Proapoptotic Bcl-2 relative Bim required for certain apoptotic responses, leukocyte homeostasis, and to preclude autoimmunity.
Apoptosis can be triggered by members of the Bcl-2 protein family, such as Bim, that share only the BH3 domain with this family. Gene targeting in mice revealed important physiological roles for Bim.Expand
A family of cytokine-inducible inhibitors of signalling
Cytokines are secreted proteins that regulate important cellular responses such as proliferation and differentiation. Key events in cytokine signal transduction are well defined: cytokines induceExpand
SOCS3 negatively regulates IL-6 signaling in vivo
Members of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family are potentially key physiological negative regulators of interleukin-6 (IL-6) signaling. To examine whether SOCS3 is involved inExpand
Development of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cell subtypes from single precursor cells derived in vitro and in vivo
The development of functionally specialized subtypes of dendritic cells (DCs) can be modeled through the culture of bone marrow with the ligand for the cytokine receptor Flt3. Such cultures produceExpand
The pseudokinase MLKL mediates necroptosis via a molecular switch mechanism.
Mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) is a component of the "necrosome," the multiprotein complex that triggers tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced cell death by necroptosis. To define the specificExpand
Intrasplenic steady-state dendritic cell precursors that are distinct from monocytes
Immediate precursors of the many subtypes of dendritic cells (DCs) remain obscure. Here we purified a splenic precursor population that produced all splenic CD8+ and CD8− conventional DCs (cDCs) butExpand
Ontogeny of the Haemopoietic System: Yolk Sac Origin of In Vivo and In Vitro Colony Forming Cells in the Developing Mouse Embryo *
Summary. The mouse yolk sac has been shown to contain in‐vivo colony forming cells capable of producing granulocytic, megakaryocytic and erythroid spleen colonies; in‐vitro colony forming cellsExpand
Mice lacking the c-rel proto-oncogene exhibit defects in lymphocyte proliferation, humoral immunity, and interleukin-2 expression.
The c-rel proto-oncogene, which is expressed predominantly in hemopoietic cells encodes a subunit of the NF-kappa B-like family of transcription factors. In mice with an inactivated c-rel gene,Expand
Granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor-deficient mice show no major perturbation of hematopoiesis but develop a characteristic pulmonary pathology.
Mice homozygous for a disrupted granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene develop normally and show no major perturbation of hematopoiesis up to 12 weeks of age. While mostExpand