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Pain as a nonmotor symptom of Parkinson disease: evidence from a case-control study.
Data support the hypothesis that pain begins at clinical onset of PD or thereafter as a nonmotor feature of PD.
Pain and motor complications in Parkinson’s disease
- M. Tinazzi, C. Del.Vesco, G. Defazio
- Medicine, PsychologyJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
- 20 March 2006
Pain may be a representative feature of Parkinson’s disease frequently associated with motor complications and the association is independent of a number of potentially relevant demographic and clinical variables.
King's Parkinson's disease pain scale, the first scale for pain in PD: An international validation
- K. Chaudhuri, A. Rizos, P. Martínez-Martín
- Psychology, MedicineMovement disorders : official journal of the…
- 1 October 2015
The King's PD Pain Scale seems to be a reliable and valid scale for grade rating of various types of pain in PD and correlation with the Scale for Outcomes in PD‐Motor, Non‐Motor Symptoms Scale total score, and quality of life measures was high.
Practice guideline recommendations summary: Treatment of tics in people with Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorders
Recommendations on the assessment for and use of deep brain stimulation in adults with severe, treatment-refractory tics are provided as well as suggestions for future research.
European clinical guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and other tic disorders. Part I: assessment
- D. Cath, T. Hedderly, R. Rizzo
- Medicine, PsychologyEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
- 29 March 2011
The first European assessment guidelines of Tourette Syndrome (TS) have been developed and additional specific tools (questionnaires, checklists and neuropsychological tests) are recommended.
Immunopathogenic mechanisms in tourette syndrome: A critical review
- D. Martino, R. Dale, D. Gilbert, G. Giovannoni, J. Leckman
- Biology, MedicineMovement disorders : official journal of the…
- 15 July 2009
A pathophysiological model is proposed to explain the possible effect of immunity upon dopamine transmission regulation and the generation of tics, and a general predisposition to autoimmune responses in TS patients is indicated by the reduced frequency of regulatory T cells, which induce tolerance towards self‐antigens.
Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS): An Evolving Concept
- A. Macerollo, D. Martino
- Medicine, PsychologyTremor and other hyperkinetic movements
- 25 September 2013
The available evidence does not convincingly support the concept that PANDAS are a well-defined, isolated clinical entity subdued by definite pathophysiological mechanisms; larger, prospective studies are necessary to reshape the nosography and disease mechanisms of post-streptococcal acute neuropsychiatric disorders other than SC.
Neuroendocrine aspects of Tourette syndrome.
The relationship between group A streptococcal infections and Tourette syndrome: a study on a large service‐based cohort
- D. Martino, F. Chiarotti, R. Rizzo
- Medicine, BiologyDevelopmental medicine and child neurology
- 1 October 2011
This study aims to evaluate the relationship between diagnosis and clinical course of Tourette syndrome and group A Streptococcus (GAS) and to establish a smoking cessation strategy for patients with Tourette's syndrome.
Quality of sleep in primary focal dystonia: a case–control study
The aim of this case–control study was to analyse quality of sleep in patients with the two most common forms of primary focal dystonia, blepharospasm (BSP) and cervical dySTONia (CD).