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When is a maternal effect adaptive
Maternal effects have become an important field of study in evolutionary ecology and there is an ongoing debate regarding their adaptive significance. Some maternal effects can act to increaseExpand
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Projecting Coral Reef Futures Under Global Warming and Ocean Acidification
Many physiological responses in present-day coral reefs to climate change are interpreted as consistent with the imminent disappearance of modern reefs globally because of annual mass bleachingExpand
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The evolutionary ecology of offspring size in marine invertebrates.
Intraspecific variation in offspring size is of fundamental ecological and evolutionary importance. The level of provisioning an organism receives from its mother can have far reaching consequencesExpand
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Coping with environmental uncertainty: dynamic bet hedging as a maternal effect
  • A. Crean, D. Marshall
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
  • 27 April 2009
Mothers in a range of taxa manipulate the phenotype of their offspring in response to environmental change in order to maximize their own fitness. Most studies have focused on changes in the meanExpand
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Predicting evolutionary responses to climate change in the sea.
An increasing number of short-term experimental studies show significant effects of projected ocean warming and ocean acidification on the performance on marine organisms. Yet, it remains unclear ifExpand
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Transgenerational plasticity in the sea: context-dependent maternal effects across the life history.
Maternal effects can have dramatic influences on the phenotype of offspring. Maternal effects can act as a conduit by which the maternal environment negatively affects offspring fitness, but they canExpand
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Offspring size variation within broods as a bet-hedging strategy in unpredictable environments.
Offspring size is strikingly variable within species. Although theory can account for variation in offspring size among mothers, an adaptive explanation for variation within individual broods hasExpand
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Offspring Size Plasticity in Response to Intraspecific Competition: An Adaptive Maternal Effect across Life‐History Stages
When provisioning offspring, mothers balance the benefits of producing a few large, fitter offspring with the costs of decreased fecundity. The optimal balance between offspring size and fecundityExpand
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Adaptive parental effects: the importance of estimating environmental predictability and offspring fitness appropriately
Anticipatory parental effects (APE's) occur when parents adjust the phenotype of their offspring to match the local environment, so as to increase the fitness of both parents and offspring. APE's, asExpand
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Phenotype-environment mismatches reduce connectivity in the sea.
The connectivity of marine populations is often surprisingly lower than predicted by the dispersal capabilities of propagules alone. Estimates of connectivity, moreover, do not always scale withExpand
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