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The risk of bloodstream infection in adults with different intravascular devices: a systematic review of 200 published prospective studies.
OBJECTIVE To better understand the absolute and relative risks of bloodstream Infection (BSI) associated with the various types of intravascular devices (IVDs), we analyzed 200 published studies ofExpand
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Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
These guidelines have been developed for practitioners who insert catheters and for persons responsible for surveillance and control of infections in hospital, outpatient, and home health-careExpand
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A semiquantitative culture method for identifying intravenous-catheter-related infection.
We evaluated a semiquantitative culture technic for identifying infection due to intravenous catheters: rolling the catheter segment across blood agar. This method was compared to broth culture. OfExpand
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Engineering out the risk for infection with urinary catheters.
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the most common nosocomial infection. Each year, more than 1 million patients in U.S. acute-care hospitals and extended-care facilities acquireExpand
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Risk factors for infusion-related phlebitis with small peripheral venous catheters. A randomized controlled trial.
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors for infusion-related phlebitis with peripheral intravenous catheters. DESIGN A randomized trial of two catheter materials, with consideration of 21 potential riskExpand
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The pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia: its relevance to developing effective strategies for prevention.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit and is associated with major morbidity and attributable mortality. Strategies to prevent VAPExpand
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Device-Associated Nosocomial Infections in 55 Intensive Care Units of 8 Developing Countries
Context We know little about medical deviceassociated infections in developing countries. Contribution Prospective surveillance of 21069 patients who were hospitalized in 55 intensive care units inExpand
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Intravascular catheter-related infections: advances in diagnosis, prevention, and management.
Indwelling vascular catheters are a leading source of bloodstream infections in critically ill patients and cancer patients. Because clinical diagnostic criteria are either insensitive orExpand
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Meta-Analysis: Methods for Diagnosing Intravascular DeviceRelated Bloodstream Infection
Context Several methods exist for diagnosing intravascular devicerelated bloodstream infection. Contribution This meta-analysis summarized data from 51 studies for 8 diagnostic methods. PairedExpand
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Enterococcal Bacteremia: Clinical Features, the Risk of Endocarditis, and Management
The enterococci, members of the group D streptococci and the predominant aerobic streptococci of the gastrointestinal and female genital tracts, have long been recognized as significant pathogens inExpand
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