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Evidence for two independent domestications of cattle.
TLDR
Application of a molecular clock suggests that the two major mtDNA clades diverged at least 200,000, and possibly as much as 1 million, years ago, as evidence for two separate domestication events of different subspecies of the aurochs, Bos primigenius and Bos taurus. Expand
Genetic evidence for Near-Eastern origins of European cattle
The limited ranges of the wild progenitors of many of the primary European domestic species point to their origins further east in Anatolia or the fertile crescent. The wild ox (Bos primigenius),Expand
Microsatellite DNA variation and the evolution, domestication and phylogeography of taurine and zebu cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus).
TLDR
The introgression of zebu-specific alleles in African cattle afforded a high resolution perspective on the hybrid nature of African cattle populations and also suggested that certain West African populations of valuable disease-tolerant taurine cattle are under threat of genetic absorption by migrating zebe herds. Expand
Mitochondrial diversity and the origins of African and European cattle.
The nature of domestic cattle origins in Africa are unclear as archaeological data are relatively sparse. The earliest domesticates were humpless, or Bos taurus, in morphology and may have shared aExpand
Genetic structure of seven European cattle breeds assessed using 20 microsatellite markers.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that a simple allele-sharing genetic distance parameter can be used to construct a dendrogram of relationships among animals and reflects an extensive underlying kinship structure, particularly for the Swiss Simmental breed and four breeds originating from the British Isles. Expand
Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Bovini using microsatellites.
TLDR
Findings would suggest that Bos, Poëphagus, and Bibos should be integrated into the Bos genus with each group classified as a subgenus and on the other hand, Bison, Bubalus and Syncerus should each be considered a separate genus. Expand
A Sequence Polymorphism in MSTN Predicts Sprinting Ability and Racing Stamina in Thoroughbred Horses
TLDR
Evaluation of retrospective racecourse performance and stallion progeny performance predict that C/C and C/T horses are more likely to be successful two-year-old racehorses than T/T animals. Expand
A genome-wide SNP-association study confirms a sequence variant (g.66493737C>T) in the equine myostatin (MSTN) gene as the most powerful predictor of optimum racing distance for Thoroughbred
TLDR
This study demonstrates that the g.66493737C>T SNP provides the most powerful genetic marker for prediction of race distance aptitude in Thoroughbreds. Expand
A microsatellite survey of cattle from a centre of origin: the Near East
TLDR
It was possible to demonstrate that Near Eastern cattle exhibited significantly higher levels of allelic diversity than breeds from other regions, which is consistent with the view that this region represents a primary domestication centre for Bos taurus cattle. Expand
Genome sequencing of the extinct Eurasian wild aurochs, Bos primigenius, illuminates the phylogeography and evolution of cattle
TLDR
Phylogenomic analyses place the aurochs as a distinct outgroup to the domestic B. taurus lineage, supporting the predominant Near Eastern origin of European cattle, and reveals that the interface between early European domestic populations and wild auroChs was significantly more complex than previously thought. Expand
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