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The biogeography of abundant and rare bacterioplankton in the lakes and reservoirs of China
TLDR
The results showed that the geographical patterns of abundant and rare bacterial subcommunities were generally similar, and both of them showed a significant distance–decay relationship, suggesting that the rare bacterial biosphere is not a random assembly, as some authors have assumed, and that its distribution is most likely subject to the same ecological processes that control abundant taxa.
Modelling the effect of size on the aerial dispersal of microorganisms
TLDR
This study uses a modelling approach to investigate the effect of size on the probability of between-continent dispersal using virtual microorganisms in a global model of the Earths atmosphere.
The adaptive significance of autumn leaf colours
TLDR
It is argued that the principal assumptions of the theory that autumnal leaf colours were signals produced by the trees to warn potential insect herbivores of their defensive ability do not match current knowledge of plant pigment biochemistry and aphid ecology.
What is the upper size limit for cosmopolitan distribution in free‐living microorganisms?
TLDR
A comparison of testate amoebae assemblages from the Arctic and Antarctic is used to try and answer the question ‘What is the upper size limit for cosmopolitan distribution in free-living microbes?’ Species restricted to either the Arctic or Antarctic exhibited sizes while the largest cosmopolitan species was 135 μm in size.
Horizontally acquired mutualisms, an unsolved problem in ecology?
TLDR
It is pointed out that many well-known mutualistic relationships involve symbionts that are neither vertically transmitted nor genetically uniform and some existing models are re-examined in an attempt to identify general conditions under which horizontally acquired mutualisms might be evolutionarily stable.
The parable of Green Mountain: Ascension Island, ecosystem construction and ecological fitting
Aims  To use the ecosystem on Green Mountain, Ascension Island, to illustrate aspects of ecosystem construction and function as well as possible mitigation of human caused global environmental change.
The role of seed dispersal in the evolution of mycorrhizae
TLDR
The fungi in mycorrhizal associations often show a lack of specificity and are acquired by horizontal rather than vertical transmission, which creates conditions similar to vertical transmission of the symbiont and makes mutualism much more likely to evolve.
Understanding selection for long necks in different taxa
TLDR
The evolution of long necks across a wide range of (both living and extinct) taxa is considered and it is concluded that in most cases long necks can be explained in terms of foraging requirements, and that alternative explanations of sexual selection, thermoregulation and predation pressure are not as well supported.
Red leaves, insects and coevolution: a red herring?
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