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A new global biome reconstruction and data‐model comparison for the Middle Pliocene
Aim To produce a robust, comprehensive global biome reconstruction for the Middle Pliocene (c. 3.6–2.6 Ma), which is based on an internally consistent palaeobotanical data set and aExpand
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Imprints of glacial refugia in the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris
Aim  To understand the impact of glacial refugia and migration pathways on the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris. Location  The study was carried out throughout Europe. Expand
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Future climate forcing potentially without precedent in the last 420 million years
The evolution of Earth's climate on geological timescales is largely driven by variations in the magnitude of total solar irradiance (TSI) and changes in the greenhouse gas content of the atmosphere.Expand
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Closure of the Panama Seaway during the Pliocene: implications for climate and Northern Hemisphere glaciation
The “Panama Hypothesis” states that the gradual closure of the Panama Seaway, between 13 million years ago (13 Ma) and 2.6 Ma, led to decreased mixing of Atlantic and Pacific water Masses, theExpand
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Quantification of the Greenland ice sheet contribution to Last Interglacial sea level rise
During the Last Interglacial period ( 130-115 thousand years ago) the Arctic climate was warmer than to- day, and global mean sea level was probably more than 6.6 m higher. However, there are largeExpand
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Earth system sensitivity inferred from Pliocene modelling and data
Quantifying the equilibrium response of global temperatures to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations is one of the cornerstones of climate research. Components of the Earth’sExpand
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Modelling Pliocene Warmth: Contribution of Atmosphere, Oceans and Cryosphere Revisited
The relative role of the atmosphere, oceans and cryosphere in contributing towards middle Pliocene warmth (ca 3 Ma BP) is investigated using the HadCM3 coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulationExpand
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A Tortonian (Late Miocene, 11.61–7.25 Ma) global vegetation reconstruction
For the Tortonian age of the Miocene Epoch (11.6–7.25 Ma) we present a global palaeobotanical and palaeoecologically-based vegetation dataset, combined with a best-fit Late Miocene climate-vegetationExpand
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Late Pliocene Greenland glaciation controlled by a decline in atmospheric CO2 levels
It is thought that the Northern Hemisphere experienced only ephemeral glaciations from the Late Eocene to the Early Pliocene epochs (about 38 to 4 million years ago), and that the onset of extensiveExpand
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Large-scale features of Pliocene climate: results from the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project
Climate and environments of the mid-Pliocene warm period (3.264 to 3.025 Ma) have been extensively studied. Whilst numerical models have shed light on the nature of climate at the time, uncertaintiesExpand
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