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The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
TLDR
The physiological effects of the glycemic index and the relevance of these effects in preventing and treating obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease are examined.
The public health and economic benefits of taxing sugar-sweetened beverages.
TLDR
The authors discuss the potential public health and economic benefits of taxing sugar-sweetened beverages and the evidence suggests that consumption of these beverages contributes to obesity and adverse health outcomes.
Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey.
TLDR
Consumption of fast food among children in the United States seems to have an adverse effect on dietary quality in ways that plausibly could increase risk for obesity.
Recommendations for Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity
TLDR
The writing group has drawn from the available evidence to propose a comprehensive 4-step or staged-care approach for weight management that includes the following stages: Prevention Plus; structured weight management; comprehensive multidisciplinary intervention; and tertiary care intervention.
Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in American Adolescents: Findings From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
TLDR
The definition of pediatric MetS, designed to be closely analogous to ATP III, found MetS is common in adolescents and has a similar racial/ethnic distribution to adults in this representative national sample.
Dairy consumption, obesity, and the insulin resistance syndrome in young adults: The CARDIA study
TLDR
Dietary patterns characterized by increased dairy consumption have a strong inverse association with IRS among overweight adults and may reduce risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women.
TLDR
Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a greater magnitude of weight gain and an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in women, possibly by providing excessive calories and large amounts of rapidly absorbable sugars.
High glycemic index foods, overeating, and obesity.
TLDR
The rapid absorption of glucose after consumption of high-GI meals induces a sequence of hormonal and metabolic changes that promote excessive food intake in obese subjects.
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