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Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure
During the past two decades, the prevalence of obesity in children has risen greatly worldwide. Obesity in childhood causes a wide range of serious complications, and increases the risk of prematureExpand
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A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century.
Forecasts of life expectancy are an important component of public policy that influence age-based entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare. Although the Social SecurityExpand
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Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis
BACKGROUND The rising prevalence of obesity in children has been linked in part to the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks. Our aim was to examine this relation. METHODS We enrolled 548Expand
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The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
The glycemic index was proposed in 1981 as an alternative system for classifying carbohydrate-containing food. Since then, several hundred scientific articles and numerous popular diet books haveExpand
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Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey.
BACKGROUND Fast food has become a prominent feature of the diet of children in the United States and, increasingly, throughout the world. However, few studies have examined the effects of fast-foodExpand
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The public health and economic benefits of taxing sugar-sweetened beverages.
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has increased in recent decades; evidence suggests that consumption of these beverages contributes to obesity and adverse health outcomes. The authors discussExpand
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A role for melanin-concentrating hormone in the central regulation of feeding behaviour
THE hypothalamus plays a central role in the integrated regulation of energy homeostasis and body weight, and a number of hypothalamic neuropeptides, such as neuropeptide Y (ref. 1), galanin2, CRHExpand
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Dairy consumption, obesity, and the insulin resistance syndrome in young adults: The CARDIA study
ContextComponents of the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS), including obesity, glucose intolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, are major risk factors for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.Expand
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Recommendations for Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity
In this article, we review evidence about the treatment of obesity that may have applications in primary care, community, and tertiary care settings. We examine current information about eatingExpand
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Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in American Adolescents: Findings From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Background—Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined by the Third Report of the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) using criteria easily applied by clinicians and researchers. There is no standard pediatricExpand
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