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Blood monocytes consist of two principal subsets with distinct migratory properties.
Using a murine adoptive transfer system to probe monocyte homing and differentiation in vivo, two functional subsets among murine blood monocytes are identified: a short-lived CX(3)CR1(lo)CCR2(+)Gr1(+) subset that is actively recruited to inflamed tissues and a CX (3) CR1(hi)CCS1-dependent recruitment to noninflamed tissues. Expand
The orphan nuclear receptor RORgammat directs the differentiation program of proinflammatory IL-17+ T helper cells.
It is shown that the orphan nuclear receptor RORgammat is the key transcription factor that orchestrates the differentiation of this effector cell lineage of proinflammatory T helper cells and its potential as a therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases is highlighted. Expand
Analysis of Fractalkine Receptor CX3CR1 Function by Targeted Deletion and Green Fluorescent Protein Reporter Gene Insertion
- Steffen Jung, J. Aliberti, +4 authors D. Littman
- Biology, Medicine
- Molecular and Cellular Biology
- 1 June 2000
Defying anticipated FKN functions, absence of CX3CR1 interferes neither with monocyte extravasation in a peritonitis model nor with DC migration and differentiation in response to microbial antigens or contact sensitizers. Expand
ATP mediates rapid microglial response to local brain injury in vivo
Extracellular ATP regulates microglial branch dynamics in the intact brain, and its release from the damaged tissue and surrounding astrocytes mediates a rapid microglia response towards injury. Expand
Identification of a major co-receptor for primary isolates of HIV-1
The principal cofactor for entry mediated by the envelope glycoproteins of primary macrophage-tropic strains of HIV-1 is CC-CKR-5, a receptor for the β-chemokines RANTES, Mip-1α and MIP-1β. Expand
Induction of Intestinal Th17 Cells by Segmented Filamentous Bacteria
The gastrointestinal tract of mammals is inhabited by hundreds of distinct species of commensal microorganisms that exist in a mutualistic relationship with the host. How commensal microbiota… Expand
DC-SIGN, a Dendritic Cell–Specific HIV-1-Binding Protein that Enhances trans-Infection of T Cells
It is proposed that DC-SIGN efficiently captures HIV-1 in the periphery and facilitates its transport to secondary lymphoid organs rich in T cells, to enhance infection in trans of these target cells. Expand
A novel chemokine receptor for SDF-1 and I-TAC involved in cell survival, cell adhesion, and tumor development
- J. Burns, B. Summers, +12 authors T. Schall
- Biology, Medicine
- The Journal of experimental medicine
- 4 September 2006
A specific, high affinity small molecule antagonist to CXCR7 impedes in vivo tumor growth in animal models, validating this new receptor as a target for development of novel cancer therapeutics. Expand
In vivo depletion of CD11c+ dendritic cells abrogates priming of CD8+ T cells by exogenous cell-associated antigens.
A novel diphtheria toxin-based system that allows the inducible, short-term ablation of dendritic cells (DC) in vivo is reported and it is shown that in vivo DC are required to cross-prime CTL precursors. Expand
Control of microglial neurotoxicity by the fractalkine receptor
Augmenting CX3CR1 signaling may protect against microglial neurotoxicity, whereas CNS penetration by pharmaceutical CX2CR1 antagonists could increase neuronal vulnerability. Expand