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Organism losses during ice melting: A serious bias in sea ice community studies
SummaryWhen ice samples are melted, microorganisms living within the brine inclusions are subjected to rapid and extreme changes in salinities. This procedure results in substantial losses ofExpand
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Harmful algal blooms and red tide problems on the U.S. west coast
On the U.S. west coast, the main toxin-producing algal species are dinoflagellates in the genus Alexandrium that cause paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and diatoms in the genus Pseudo-nitzschiaExpand
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Antarctic Sea Ice Biota
The sea ice surrounding Antarctica provides an extensive habitat for organisms ranging in size from bacteria to marine birds and mammals. Historically, most of the ecological work on the ice biotaExpand
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Microbial food web structure in the Arabian Sea: a US JGOFS study
One of the main objectives of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Studies (JGOFS) program is to develop an understanding of the factors controlling organic carbon production in the ocean and the time-varyingExpand
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CONFIRMATION OF DOMOIC ACID PRODUCTION BY PSEUDONITZSCHIA AUSTRALIS (BACILLARIOPHYCEAE) CULTURES 1
Single done isolates of Pseudonitzschia australis Frenguelli (= Nitzschia pseudoseriata Hasle) isolated from a toxic bloom in Monterey Bay, California produced domoic acid in culture. AlthoughExpand
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ALGAL ASSEMBLAGES IN ANTARCTIC PACK ICE AND IN ICE‐EDGE PLANKTON 1
A significant amount of the primary production in the Southern Ocean and other ice‐covered oceans takes place in localized ice edge plankton blooms. The dynamics of these blooms appear to be closelyExpand
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Fine structure and biology of Cryothecomonas gen. nov. (Protista incertae sedis) from the ice biota
The morphology and ultrastructure of four species of Cryothecomonas gen.nov. (Protista incertae sedis) in material from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica, and the Isefjord, Denmark, are described. TheseExpand
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The biota of Antarctic pack ice in the Weddell sea and Antarctic Peninsula regions
SummaryPack ice surrounding Antarctica supports rich and varied populations of microbial organisms. As part of the Antarctic Marine Ecosystem Research in the Ice Edge Zone (AMERIEZ) studies, we haveExpand
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A physical mechanism for establishing algal populations in frazil ice
In polar regions ice algal communities are not only conspicuous but may also be important production sites and sources of seed populations for pelagic communities1–3. Except for some studies nearExpand
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