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Bloodmeal identification by direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), tested on Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) in Kenya.
A direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for bloodmeal identification of seven hosts. Commercially available reagents are used; the test can be completed in only 4.5 h. BloodExpand
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Visceral leishmaniasis unresponsive to pentostam caused by Leishmania tropica in Kenya.
We report the characterization of 6 Leishmania tropica isolates from 2 patients with visceral leishmaniasis who were unresponsive to treatment with sodium stibogluconate. The Leishmania isolates,Expand
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Malaria sporozoite detection by dissection and ELISA to assess infectivity of afrotropical Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae).
Malaria infection rates determined by dissection and Plasmodium falciparum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were compared for 26,935 Anopheles gambiae Giles sensu lato and 17,739 AnophelesExpand
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Mitochondrial DNA control region sequences from Nairobi (Kenya): inferring phylogenetic parameters for the establishment of a forensic database
Large forensic mtDNA databases which adhere to strict guidelines for generation and maintenance, are not available for many populations outside of the United States and western Europe. We haveExpand
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Large-scale, polymerase chain reaction-based surveillance of Schistosoma haematobium DNA in snails from transmission sites in coastal Kenya: a new tool for studying the dynamics of snail infection.
Levels of prepatent Schistosoma haematobium infection were monitored in intermediate host snails (Bulinus nasutus) collected from transmission sites in coastal Kenya, using a polymerase chainExpand
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Characterization of malaria transmission by Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Kenya in preparation for malaria vaccine trials.
Malaria transmission was studied for 33 mo in the villages of Kisian and Saradidi in western Kenya in preparation for field trials of malaria vaccines. Abundance estimates of Anopheles gambiae GilesExpand
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Double-blind placebo-controlled study of concurrent administration of albendazole and praziquantel in schoolchildren with schistosomiasis and geohelminths.
A double-blind placebo-controlled study of the concurrent administration of albendazole and praziquantel was conducted in>1500 children with high prevalences of geohelminths and schistosomiasis. TheExpand
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Species composition of the Anopheles gambiae complex (diptera: Culicidae) at two sites in western Kenya.
At two sites in the Kisumu area of western Kenya, the species composition of the Anopheles gambiae complex was determined by analysis of ovarian polytene chromosomes. Of 1,915 females, 26.1% were An.Expand
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Increased ratio of tumor necrosis factor-alpha to interleukin-10 production is associated with Schistosoma haematobium-induced urinary-tract morbidity.
Bladder and kidney disease, which affect approximately 25%-30% of subjects infected with Schistosoma haematobium, are mediated by T cell-dependent granulomatous responses to schistosome eggs. ToExpand
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Anopheles gambiae complex egg-stage survival in dry soil from larval development sites in western Kenya.
The potential for Anopheles egg survival in dry soil from larval development sites was investigated in western Kenya. A total of 230 dry soil samples collected in 1987, 1988 and 1989 yielded 126Expand
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