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Liquid crystalline spinning of spider silk
Spider silk has outstanding mechanical properties despite being spun at close to ambient temperatures and pressures using water as the solvent. The spider achieves this feat of benign fibreExpand
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Role of pH and charge on silk protein assembly in insects and spiders
Silk fibers possess impressive mechanical properties, dependant, in part, on the crystalline β-sheets silk II conformation. The transition to silk II from soluble silk I-like conformation in silkExpand
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Changes in element composition along the spinning duct in a Nephila spider
Abstract. The silk gland of the golden orb spider Nephila edulis connects to the exit spigot through a long S-shaped duct that assists in the formation of the thread. Previous evidence suggests thatExpand
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Liquid crystals and flow elongation in a spider's silk production line
Our observations on whole mounted major ampullate silk glands suggested that the thread is drawn from a hyperbolic die using a pre–orientated lyotropic liquid crystalline feedstock. PolarizingExpand
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Structure and function of the silk production pathway in the spider Nephila edulis.
Our observations on the major ampullate gland of the spider Nephila edulis indicate that the exceptionally tough and strong core and coat composite structure of the dragline thread is formed by theExpand
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Staining methods for sectioned material
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Beta transition and stress-induced phase separation in the spinning of spider dragline silk.
Spider dragline silk is formed as the result of a remarkable transformation in which an aqueous dope solution is rapidly converted into an insoluble protein filament with outstanding mechanicalExpand
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Overexpression of polyphenol oxidase in transgenic sugarcane results in darker juice and raw sugar
Color intensity of raw sugar is, in part, a result of the activity of the enzyme polyphenol oxidase (PPO) acting on phenolic compounds to produce dark colored polymers when sugarcane (Saccharum spp.)Expand
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Silk production in a spider involves acid bath treatment
We studied physiological conditions during the spinning of dragline silk by the garden cross spider, Araneus diadematus. Silk is converted from the liquid feedstock in the gland into a solid threadExpand
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Spider and mulberry silkworm silks as compatible biomaterials
Abstract Silks are a diverse family of natural materials with extraordinary mechanical properties such as high tensile strength and extensibility, as well as reported biological compatibility. InExpand
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