• Publications
  • Influence
BIRD-WINDOW COLLISIONS
Collisions of birds with windows were studied by reviewing the literature, collecting data from museums and individuals, monitoring man-made structures, and conducting field experiments.Expand
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Collisions between birds and windows: mortality and prevention [FULL TEXT]
  • D. Klem
  • Geography, Computer Science
  • 1 December 1990
TLDR
Bird strikes at the windows of commercial and private buildings to study the effects of collision mortality on birds, and several experiments were conducted to evaluate methods of preventing collisions between birds and glass panes. Expand
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Preventing Bird–Window Collisions
  • D. Klem
  • Materials Science
  • 22 May 2009
Abstract Birds behave as if clear and reflective glass and plastic windows are invisible, and annual avian mortality from collisions is estimated in the billions worldwide. Outdoor flight cage andExpand
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EFFECTS OF WINDOW ANGLING, FEEDER PLACEMENT, AND SCAVENGERS ON AVIAN MORTALITY AT PLATE GLASS
Abstract Extensive observations and experiments suggest that collisions with plate glass result in more avian mortalities than any other human-associated factor. We tested the effects of windowExpand
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Architectural and Landscape Risk Factors Associated with Bird–glass Collisions in an Urban Environment
Abstract We studied building characteristics and landscape context to predict risk of migratory birds being killed by colliding with sheet glass on Manhattan Island, New York City, New York, USA.Expand
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Comparison of fatal bird injuries from collisions with towers and windows
Abstract Birds killed by colliding with towers and windows were studied to describe the type and extent of injuries and, more precisely, to suggest the actual cause of death. A total of 502 specimensExpand
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Avian mortality at windows: the second largest human source of bird mortality on Earth. Tundra to tropics: connecting birds, habitats and people [FULL TEXT]
A vast and growing amount of evidence supports the interpretation that, except for habitat destruction, collisions with clear and refl ective sheet glass and plastic cause the deaths of more birdsExpand
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Glass: A Deadly Conservation Issue for Birds
Aside from habitat destruction that eliminates fundamental resources upon whichlife depends, it is my contention that clear and reflective sheet glass causes the deathsof more birds than any otherExpand
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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Select Visual Signals to Prevent Bird-window Collisions
TLDR
Field experiments reveal that to be effective, UV signals used to prevent bird-window collisions must minimally reflect 20–40% from 300–400 nm, reaching above 20% reflection only at 397 nm. Expand
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Glass and bird kills: an overview and suggested planning and design methods of preventing a fatal hazard
Small sheets of glass existed as window panes as long ago as 290 A.D. (Phillips 1941:8). Glass permits a view from protected enclosures, admitting light and warmth into human dwellings. In the MiddleExpand
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