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The minimally conscious state: Definition and diagnostic criteria
ObjectiveTo establish consensus recommendations among health care specialties for defining and establishing diagnostic criteria for the minimally conscious state (MCS). BackgroundThere is a subgroupExpand
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Update of Neuropathology and Neurological Recovery After Traumatic Brain Injury
This review focuses on the potential for traumatic brain injury to evoke both focal and diffuse changes within the brain parenchyma, while considering the cellular constituents involved and theExpand
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Clinicopathological Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Players of American Football
Importance Players of American football may be at increased risk of long-term neurological conditions, particularly chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Objective To determine theExpand
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Placebo-controlled trial of amantadine for severe traumatic brain injury.
BACKGROUND Amantadine hydrochloride is one of the most commonly prescribed medications for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness after traumatic brain injury. Preliminary studies haveExpand
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Guidelines for the pharmacologic treatment of neurobehavioral sequelae of traumatic brain injury.
There is currently a lack of evidence-based guidelines to guide the pharmacological treatment of neurobehavioral problems that commonly occur after traumatic brain injury (TBI). It was our objectiveExpand
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Assessment scales for disorders of consciousness: evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice and research.
OBJECTIVES To conduct a systematic review of behavioral assessment scales for disorders of consciousness (DOC); provide evidence-based recommendations for clinical use based on their contentExpand
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The Trail Making Test: a study in focal lesion patients.
The relationship of the Trail Making Test (TMT) to the frontal lobes was tested by comparing patients with damage to the frontal and nonfrontal regions to control participants. Although the analysisExpand
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Multiple frontal systems controlling response speed
This study evaluated a model of attention that postulates several distinct component processes, each mediated by specific neural systems in the human frontal lobes. A series of reaction time (RT)Expand
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Natural history of recovery from brain injury after prolonged disorders of consciousness: outcome of patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation with 1-4 year follow-up.
UNLABELLED The natural history of recovery from brain injury typically consists of a period of impaired consciousness, a subsequent period of confusion and amnesia, followed by a period ofExpand
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Stroop performance in focal lesion patients: dissociation of processes and frontal lobe lesion location
There were three primary objectives: to examine the usefulness of the Stroop interference effect as a measure of frontal lobe function; to investigate the possibility of distinct lesion effects forExpand
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