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Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals
TLDR
It is already clear that large-scale use of ethanol for fuel will almost certainly require cellulosic technology and new metrics that measure specific resource inputs are developed, but further research into environmental metrics is needed.
Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature
We analyze the evolution of the scientific consensus on anthropogenic global warming (AGW) in the peer-reviewed scientific literature, examining 11 944 climate abstracts from 1991–2011 matching the
Effects of US Maize Ethanol on Global Land Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Estimating Market-Mediated Responses
TLDR
Factoring market-mediated responses and by-product use into this analysis reduces cropland conversion by 72% from the land used for the ethanol feedstock, thereby limiting its potential contribution in the context of California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biomass and Petroleum Energy Futures in Africa
TLDR
Charcoal-intensive future scenarios using current practices increase emissions by 140 to 190%; the increase can be reduced to 5 to 36% using currently available technologies for sustainable production or potentially reduced even more with investment in technological innovation.
Quantifying carbon footprint reduction opportunities for U.S. households and communities.
TLDR
The model suggests that the size and composition of carbon footprints vary dramatically between geographic regions and within regions based on basic demographic characteristics, and large cash-positive carbon footprint reductions are evident across all household types and locations.
The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: knowledge, gaps, and data needs.
TLDR
Given the interaction of housing, household energy, and day-to-day household activities in determining exposure to indoor smoke, research and development of effective interventions can benefit tremendously from integration of methods and analysis tools from a range of disciplines in the physical, social, and health sciences.
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