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Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
TLDR
The effect of different foods on the blood glucose levels was fed individually to groups of 5 to 10 healthy fasting volunteers, and a significant negative relationship was seen between fat and protein and postprandial glucose rise but not with fiber or sugar content.
Dietary Fiber, Glycemic Load, and Risk of NIDDM in Men
TLDR
Findings support the hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of NIDDM in men and suggest that grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of N IDDM.
Colonic Health: Fermentation and Short Chain Fatty Acids
TLDR
More human studies are now needed on SCFAs, especially, given the diverse nature of carbohydrate substrates and the SCFA patterns resulting from their fermentation, which will be key to the success of dietary recommendations to maximize colonic disease prevention.
The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications.
TLDR
In long-term trials, low-GI diets result in modest improvements in overall blood glucose control in patients with insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes and the ability of low- GI diets to reduce insulin secretion and lower blood lipid concentrations in patientswith hypertriglyceridemia is of greater therapeutic importance.
Glycemic index: overview of implications in health and disease.
TLDR
Positive findings have emerged to suggest that the dietary glycemic index is of potential importance in the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases.
Dietary fibres, fibre analogues, and glucose tolerance: importance of viscosity.
TLDR
Viscous types of dietary fibre are most likely to be therapeutically useful in modifying postprandial hyperglycaemia.
Importance of Weight Management in Type 2 Diabetes: Review with Meta-analysis of Clinical Studies
TLDR
The reviewed data suggest that US health care providers should endorse the American Heart Association’s and European diabetes associations’ recommendations that diabetic persons achieve and maintain a BMI of ≤25 kg/m2 and weight management may be the most important therapeutic task for most obese Type 2 diabetic individuals.
Nibbling versus gorging: metabolic advantages of increased meal frequency.
TLDR
In addition to the amount and type of food eaten, the frequency of meals may be an important determinant of fasting serum lipid levels, possibly in relation to changes in insulin secretion.
A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial.
TLDR
In an analysis controlling for medication changes, a low-fat vegan diet appeared to improve glycemia and plasma lipids more than did conventional diabetes diet recommendations.
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