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Techniques for Pollination Biologists
This book presents the newest techniques such as fluorescence microscopy to examine pollen tubes, high-pressure liquid chromatography for nectar analysis, and using particle counters to count pollen grains and nuclear magnetic resonance for floral odour analysis.
ENDANGERED MUTUALISMS: The Conservation of Plant-Pollinator Interactions
Recent declines in honeybee numbers in the United States and Europe bring home the importance of healthy pollination systems, and the need to further develop native bees and other animals as crop pollinators.
Intercomparison, interpretation, and assessment of spring phenology in North America estimated from remote sensing for 1982–2006
Shifts in the timing of spring phenology are a central feature of global change research. Long‐term observations of plant phenology have been used to track vegetation responses to climate variability…
Effects of climate change on phenology, frost damage, and floral abundance of montane wildflowers.
- D. Inouye
- Environmental ScienceEcology
- 1 February 2008
The findings point out the paradox of increased frost damage in the face of global warming, provide important insights into the adaptive significance of phenology, and have general implications for flowering plants throughout the region and anywhere climate change is having similar impacts.
Climate change is affecting altitudinal migrants and hibernating species.
- D. Inouye, B. Barr, K. Armitage, B. Inouye
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 15 February 2000
Evidence for an effect of climate change on hibernation behavior is reported; yellow-bellied marmots are emerging 38 days earlier than 23 years ago, apparently in response to warmer spring air temperatures.
The Terminology of Floral Larceny
- D. Inouye
- 1 October 1980
Flies and flowers: taxonomic diversity of anthophiles and pollinators
Abstract The Diptera are the second most important order among flower-visiting (anthophilous) and flower-pollinating insects worldwide. Their taxonomic diversity ranges from Nematocera to Brachycera,…
Shifts in flowering phenology reshape a subalpine plant community
- Paul J. CaraDonna, A. Iler, D. Inouye
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 17 March 2014
It is shown that first, peak, and last flowering rarely shift uniformly and instead usually shift independently of one another, resulting in a diversity of phenological changes through time, which contributes to altered coflowering patterns within the community, a redistribution of floral abundance across the season, and an expansion of the flowering season by more than I mo.
ARE NECTAR ROBBERS CHEATERS OR MUTUALISTS
The effects of nectar robbers are complex and depend, in part, on the identity of the robber, the Identity of the legitimate pollinator, how much nectar the robbers remove, and the variety of floral resources available in the environment.
The effects of phenological mismatches on demography
- A. Miller‐Rushing, T. Høye, D. Inouye, E. Post
- Environmental SciencePhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
- 12 October 2010
Key questions that can be addressed with data that already exist are identified and approaches that could guide future research are proposed.