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A Gene for an Extended Phenotype
The viral gene that manipulates climbing behavior of the host was identified, providing evidence of a genetic basis for the extended phenotype. Expand
Invasion of the body snatchers: the diversity and evolution of manipulative strategies in host-parasite interactions.
This review uses key examples to examine the proximate mechanisms by which parasites are known to control the behaviour of their hosts, and argues that parasite-manipulated behaviours could be the result of compromises between host and parasite strategies. Expand
Tiny genomes and endoreduplication in Strepsiptera
Using flow cytometry, the genome sizes of two species of Strepsiptera were studied: that of male Caenocholax fenyesi texensis Kathirithamby & Johnston (Myrmecolacidae) at 108 Mb, which is theExpand
The Life of a Dead Ant: The Expression of an Adaptive Extended Phenotype
It is shown that the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis, a locally specialized parasite of arboreal Camponotus leonardi ants, represents a fine‐tuned fungal adaptation: an extended phenotype, and suggests that the osmotrophic lifestyle of fungi may have facilitated novel exploitation strategies. Expand
The Evolution of Invasiveness in Garden Ants
The results challenge the notion that supercolonial organization is an inevitable consequence of low genetic variation for chemical recognition cues in small invasive founder populations and infer that low variation and limited volatility in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles already existed in the native range in combination with low dispersal and a highly viscous population structure. Expand
Fungal Planet description sheets: 469–557
Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia: Apiognomonia lasiopetali on Lasiopetalum sp., Blastacervulus eucalyptorum on EucalyptusExpand
Hidden Diversity Behind the Zombie-Ant Fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis: Four New Species Described from Carpenter Ants in Minas Gerais, Brazil
The taxonomy and ecology of the Ophiocordyceps unilateralis species complex associated with carpenter ants is only just beginning to understand. Expand
Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species
15 new species of Ophiocordyceps with hirsutella-like asexual morphs that exclusively infect ants are described, which form a monophyletic group that is identified in this study as myrmecophilous hirsUTelloid species. Expand
Behavioral mechanisms and morphological symptoms of zombie ants dying from fungal infection
It is found that infected ants behave as zombies and display predictable stereotypical behaviors of random rather than directional walking, and of repeated convulsions that make them fall down and thus precludes returning to the canopy, and that the mandibles of ants penetrate deeply into vein tissue and that this is accompanied by extensive atrophy of the mandibular muscles. Expand