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Phylogenetic species recognition and species concepts in fungi.
TLDR
A phylogenetic approach to recognize fungal species based on concordance of multiple gene genealogies is compared to those based on morphology and reproductive behavior. Expand
A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi.
A comprehensive phylogenetic classification of the kingdom Fungi is proposed, with reference to recent molecular phylogenetic analyses, and with input from diverse members of the fungal taxonomicExpand
Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny
TLDR
It is indicated that there may have been at least four independent losses of the flagellum in the kingdom Fungi, and the enigmatic microsporidia seem to be derived from an endoparasitic chytrid ancestor similar to Rozella allomycis, on the earliest diverging branch of the fungal phylogenetic tree. Expand
The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes
TLDR
Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Expand
The phylogenetic distribution of resupinate forms across the major clades of mushroom‐forming fungi (Homobasidiomycetes)
TLDR
Phylogenetic relationships of resupinate Homobasidiomycetes (Corticiaceae s. lat. and others) were studied using ribosomal DNA sequences from a broad sample of res upinate and nonresupinate taxa to support monophyly of the eight major clades of Homob as well as independent lineages corresponding to the Gloeophyllum clade, corticioid clade and Jaapia argillacea. Expand
The Fungi
The Kingdom Fungi, home to molds, mushrooms, lichens, rusts, smuts and yeasts, comprises eukaryotes with remarkably diverse life histories that make essential contributions to the biosphere, humanExpand
Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists
TLDR
Convergent evolution of the mycorrhizal habit in fungi occurred via the repeated evolution of a 'symbiosis toolkit', with reduced numbers of PCWDEs and lineage-specific suites of myCorrhiza-induced genes. Expand
Synthesis of phylogeny and taxonomy into a comprehensive tree of life
TLDR
This study is the first, to the knowledge, to apply an efficient and automated process for assembling published trees into a complete tree of life, and presents a draft tree containing 2.3 million tips—the Open Tree of Life. Expand
Genome, transcriptome, and secretome analysis of wood decay fungus Postia placenta supports unique mechanisms of lignocellulose conversion
TLDR
Comparisons with the closely relatedwhite-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium support an evolutionary shift from white-rot to brown-rot during which the capacity for efficient depolymerization of lignin was lost. Expand
Extensive sampling of basidiomycete genomes demonstrates inadequacy of the white-rot/brown-rot paradigm for wood decay fungi
TLDR
The results indicate that the prevailing paradigm of white rot vs. brown rot does not capture the diversity of fungal wood decay mechanisms, and suggest a continuum rather than a dichotomy between the white-rot and brown-rot modes of wood decay. Expand
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