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Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor underlying responsiveness of non-small-cell lung cancer to gefitinib.
TLDR
A subgroup of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer have specific mutations in the EGFR gene which correlate with clinical responsiveness to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib, and these mutations lead to increased growth factor signaling and confer susceptibility to the inhibitor. Expand
DNA Methyltransferases Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b Are Essential for De Novo Methylation and Mammalian Development
TLDR
It is demonstrated that two recently identified DNA methyltransferases, DnMT3a and Dnmt3b, are essential for de novo methylation and for mouse development and play important roles in normal development and disease. Expand
Epidermal growth factor receptor mutations in lung cancer
TLDR
'oncogenic shock' is described as a mechanistic explanation for the apoptosis that follows the acute treatment of susceptible cells with kinase inhibitors, essential to the successful use of targeted therapies in common epithelial cancers. Expand
Systematic identification of genomic markers of drug sensitivity in cancer cells
TLDR
It was found that mutated cancer genes were associated with cellular response to most currently available cancer drugs, and systematic pharmacogenomic profiling in cancer cell lines provides a powerful biomarker discovery platform to guide rational cancer therapeutic strategies. Expand
Circulating Tumor Cell Clusters Are Oligoclonal Precursors of Breast Cancer Metastasis
TLDR
Using mouse models with tagged mammary tumors, it is demonstrated that CTC clusters arise from oligoclonal tumor cell groupings and not from intravascular aggregation events, and though rare in the circulation, they greatly contribute to the metastatic spread of cancer. Expand
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibition in non-small-cell lung cancer.
TLDR
The inhibition of ALK in lung tumors with the ALK rearrangement resulted in tumor shrinkage or stable disease in most patients, and the drug resulted in grade 1 or 2 gastrointestinal side effects. Expand
Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC): a resource for therapeutic biomarker discovery in cancer cells
TLDR
The Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) provides a unique resource incorporating large drug sensitivity and genomic datasets to facilitate the discovery of new therapeutic biomarkers for cancer therapies. Expand
Isolation of rare circulating tumour cells in cancer patients by microchip technology
TLDR
The CTC-chip successfully identified CTCs in the peripheral blood of patients with metastatic lung, prostate, pancreatic, breast and colon cancer in 115 of 116 samples, with a range of 5–1,281CTCs per ml and approximately 50% purity. Expand
salvador Promotes Both Cell Cycle Exit and Apoptosis in Drosophila and Is Mutated in Human Cancer Cell Lines
TLDR
Salvador restricts cell numbers in vivo by functioning as a dual regulator of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Expand
Circulating Breast Tumor Cells Exhibit Dynamic Changes in Epithelial and Mesenchymal Composition
TLDR
A role for EMT in the blood-borne dissemination of human breast cancer is supported as both single cells and multicellular clusters, expressing known EMT regulators, including transforming growth factor (TGF)–β pathway components and the FOXC1 transcription factor. Expand
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