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Effectiveness of a violence prevention curriculum among children in elementary school. A randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
The Second Step violence prevention curriculum appears to lead to a moderate observed decrease in physically aggressive behavior and an increase in neutral and prosocial behavior in school.
Screening for Colorectal Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
TLDR
It is concluded with high certainty that screening for colorectal cancer in average-risk, asymptomatic adults aged 50 to 75 years is of substantial net benefit.
Evaluation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Item for Detecting Major Depression Among Adolescents
TLDR
Although the optimal cut point is higher among adolescents, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 are similar to those of adult populations, making this tool an excellent choice for providers and researchers seeking to implement depression screening in primary care settings.
Screening for Depression in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
TLDR
Screening for depression in the general adult population, including pregnant and postpartum women, should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow-up.
Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
TLDR
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of initiating statin use in adults 76 years and older.
Screening for Prostate Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
TLDR
The USPSTF concludes with moderate certainty that the net benefit of PSA-based screening for prostate cancer in men aged 55 to 69 years is small for some men.
The role of the pediatrician in the oral health of children: A national survey.
TLDR
To assess pediatricians' knowledge, attitudes, and professional experience regarding oral health, and willingness to incorporate fluoride varnish into their practices, a national survey of pediatricians was surveyed to assess their knowledge, current practice, and opinion.
Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
TLDR
It is concluded with moderate certainty that screening for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older is of moderate net benefit and clinicians should offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight status.
Screening for Depression in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
TLDR
The overall magnitude of harms to the fetus is small to moderate and the USPSTF recommends diagnosis and treatment as a grade B definition, and that treatment of pregnant and postpartum women with depression using CBT improves clinical outcomes.
Evaluation of the PHQ-2 as a Brief Screen for Detecting Major Depression Among Adolescents
TLDR
The PHQ-2 has good sensitivity and specificity for detecting major depression, coupled with the brief nature of the instrument, make this tool promising as a first step for screening for adolescent depression in primary care.
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