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A review of Sarcocystis neurona and equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM).
Sarcocystis neurona n. sp. (Protozoa: Apicomplexa), the etiologic agent of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis.
Sarcocystis neuronan n. sp. is proposed for the apicomplexan taxon associated with myeloencephalitis in horses. Only asexual stages of this parasite presently are known, and they are found within…
Experimental induction of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis in horses using Sarcocystis sp. sporocysts from the opossum (Didelphis virginiana).
Serologic prevalence of Sarcocystis neurona, Toxoplasma gondii, and Neospora caninum in horses in Brazil.
The high prevalence of antibodies against S neurona detected in clinically normal horses emphasizes the importance of examining CSF for antibodies when establishing a diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis.
Analysis of risk factors for the development of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis in horses.
Investigating risk factors for development of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis in horses found development of EPM was associated with a number of management-related factors that can be altered to decrease the risk for the disease.
An outbreak of acute eosinophilic myositis attributed to human Sarcocystis parasitism.
- M. Arness, J. Brown, J. Dubey, R. Neafie, D. Granstrom
- MedicineAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
- 1 October 1999
Seven members of a 15-man U.S. military team that had operated in rural Malaysia developed an acute illness consisting of fever, myalgias, bronchospasm, fleeting pruritic rashes, transient…
Seroprevalence of antibodies to Sarcocystis neurona in horses residing in Oregon.
- L. Blythe, D. Granstrom, D. E. Hansen, L. L. Walker, J. Bartlett, S. Stamper
- Biology, MedicineJournal of the American Veterinary Medical…
- 15 February 1997
The high seroprevalence of antibodies to S neurona in neurologically normal horses indicates that analysis of serum alone would not be useful for definitive diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis in horses in Oregon.
Identification of opossums (Didelphis virginiana) as the putative definitive host of Sarcocystis neurona.
The results suggest that opossums are the definitive host of S. neurona, and a unique region suitable for a species-specific amplification primer was identified in feces and intestinal digest of wildlife specimens.
SnSAG5 is an alternative surface antigen of Sarcocystis neurona strains that is mutually exclusive to SnSAG1.
Seroprevalence of antibodies to Sarcocystis neurona in horses residing in Ohio.
The high seroprevalence of antibodies to S neurona found in the sample population emphasizes the importance of examining CSF for S neuronia-specific antibodies when establishing a diagnosis of equn protozoal myeloencephalitis.