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A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind
TLDR
The iPhone Hap App reveals that wandering thoughts lead to unhappiness and that doing so typically makes people unhappy.
How mental systems believe.
Is there a difference between believing and merely understanding an idea?Descartes thought so. He considered the acceptance and rejection of an idea to be alternative outcomes of an effortful
Immune neglect: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
TLDR
The present experiments suggest that people neglect the psychological immune system when making affective forecasts.
The correspondence bias.
TLDR
An intellectual history of the correspondence bias is sketched, 4 mechanisms (lack of awareness, unrealistic expectations, inflated categorizations, and incomplete corrections) that produce distinct forms of correspondence bias are described, and how the consequences of correspondence-biased inferences may perpetuate such inferences are discussed.
Affective Forecasting
People base many decisions on affective forecasts, predictions about their emotional reactions to future events. They often display an impact bias, overestimating the intensity and duration of their
The trouble of thinking: Activation and application of stereotypic beliefs.
Two studies investigated the effects of cognitive busyness on the activation and application of stereotypes. In Experiment 1, not-busy subjects who were exposed to an Asian target showed evidence of
Focalism: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
TLDR
Evidence for a distraction interpretation is found, that people who think about future events moderate their forecasts because they believe that these events will reduce thinking about the focal event.
On cognitive busyness: When person perceivers meet persons perceived.
Person perception includes three sequential processes: categorization (what is the actor doing?), characterization (what trait does the action imply?), and correction (what situational constraints
Prospection: Experiencing the Future
TLDR
Scientists are beginning to understand how the brain simulates future events, how it uses those simulations to predict an event's hedonic consequences, and why these predictions so often go awry.
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