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Changes in scleractinian coral Seriatopora hystrix morphology and its endocellular Symbiodinium characteristics along a bathymetric gradient from shallow to mesophotic reef
TLDR
It is found that total chlorophyll concentration per zooxanthellae cell and the dark- and light-acclimated quantum yield of photosystem II did not vary significantly along the 60-m gradient, however, the chlorophyLL a/c ratio increased with depth, suggesting that the symbiotic algae in S. hystrix has two depth-dependent ecophenotypes.
Dynamics and Characterization of Refractory Dissolved Organic Matter Produced by a Pure Bacterial Culture in an Experimental Predator-Prey System
TLDR
In this study the bacteria were the primary shapers of the complex DOC continuum, suggesting higher trophic levels possibly have less of an impact on the qualitative composition of DOC than previously assumed.
Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals
Transcriptome and genome data from twenty stony coral species and a selection of reference bilaterians were studied to elucidate coral evolutionary history. We identified genes that encode the
Soft Robotic Grippers for Biological Sampling on Deep Reefs
TLDR
The development of an underwater gripper that utilizes soft robotics technology to delicately manipulate and sample fragile species on the deep reef is presented, making it the first use of soft robotics in the deep sea for the nondestructive sampling of benthic fauna.
A Modular Soft Robotic Wrist for Underwater Manipulation.
TLDR
The development and characterization of a suite of rotary and bending modules by varying fiber number and silicone hardness that holds the potential to be utilized at full ocean depths (>10,000 m) and is a step forward in the development of jointed underwater soft robotic arms.
A new bright green‐emitting fluorescent protein – engineered monomeric and dimeric forms
TLDR
A novel fluorescent protein isolated from warm water coral, which is named vivid Verde fluorescent protein (VFP), matures readily at 37 °C and emits bright green light and characterizations revealed that VFP has a tendency to form dimers.
The Covert World of Fish Biofluorescence: A Phylogenetically Widespread and Phenotypically Variable Phenomenon
TLDR
It is shown that biofluorescence is not only phylogenetically widespread, but is also phenotypically variable across both cartilaginous and bony fishes, highlighting its evolutionary history and the possibility for discovery of numerous novel fluorescent proteins.
Patterns of Fluorescent Protein Expression in Scleractinian Corals
TLDR
Analysis of the patterns of fluorescent protein distribution provides evidence that the scheme in which fluorescent proteins are distributed among the anatomical structures of corals is nonrandom and may function as a signaling mechanism to organisms with sensitivity to specific wavelengths of light.
Deep Machine Learning Techniques for the Detection and Classification of Sperm Whale Bioacoustics
TLDR
The results demonstrate the feasibility of applying ML to sperm whale bioacoustics and establish the validity of constructing neural networks to learn meaningful representations of whale vocalizations.
A New Mesophotic Clingfish (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae) from the Bahamas
TLDR
A new species of clingfish belonging to the genus Derilissus is described from a deep coral wall in the Exumas, Bahamas, characterized by bright orangish-red coloration on the flank, a yellow head, and a prominent black oval marking on the caudal peduncle.
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