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Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
BACKGROUND Health policy makers have long been concerned with protecting people from the possibility that ill health will lead to catastrophic financial payments and subsequent impoverishment. YetExpand
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Protecting households from catastrophic health spending.
Many countries rely heavily on patients' out-of-pocket payments to providers to finance their health care systems. This prevents some people from seeking care and results in financial catastrophe andExpand
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Making Choices in Health: WHO Guide to Cost Effectiveness Analysis
Part One: METHODS FOR GENERALIZED COST-EFFECTIVENESS -- Ch. 1. What is generalized cost-effectiveness analysis? -- Ch. 2. Undertaking a study using GCEA -- Ch. 3. Estimating costs -- Ch. 4.Expand
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Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease risk
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease accounts for much morbidity and mortality in developed countries and is becoming increasingly important in less developed regions. Systolic blood pressure above 115Expand
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Comparative efficiency of national health systems: cross national econometric analysis
Abstract Objective: To improve the evidence base for health policy by devising a method to measure and monitor the performance of health systems. Design: Estimation of the relation between levels ofExpand
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The health worker shortage in Africa: are enough physicians and nurses being trained?
OBJECTIVE To estimate systematically the inflow and outflow of health workers in Africa and examine whether current levels of pre-service training in the region suffice to address this seriousExpand
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Methods to assess the costs and health effects of interventions for improving health in developing countries
Assessment of the cost effectiveness of interventions designed to achieve the millennium development goals for health is complex. The methods must be capable of showing the efficiency with whichExpand
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WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: development of an evidence based global public health treaty
Many health problems require international action, but getting governments to agree on strategies for prevention or treatment is difficult. By making use of scientific evidence on the effects ofExpand
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Econometric estimation of country-specific hospital costs
Information on the unit cost of inpatient and outpatient care is an essential element for costing, budgeting and economic-evaluation exercises. Many countries lack reliable estimates, however. WHOExpand
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Household health system contributions and capacity to pay: Definitional, empirical and technical challenges
In addition to improving population health, an important goal of health systems is to ensure that the financial burden of paying for health is distributed fairly across households (1). ExploringExpand
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