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The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and its relation to rainfall and river flows in the continental U.S.
North Atlantic sea surface temperatures for 1856-1999 contain a 65-80 year cycle with a 0.4 C range, referred to as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) by Kerr (2000). AMO warm phasesExpand
Tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature variability and its relation to El Niño‐Southern Oscillation
Past analyses of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature variability have suggested a dipole behavior between the northern and southern tropics, across the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). ByExpand
An ;15,000-Year Record of El Nino—Driven Alluviation in Southwestern Ecuador
Debris flows have deposited inorganic laminae in an alpine lake that is 75 kilometers east of the Pacific Ocean, in Ecuador. These storm-induced events were dated by radiocarbon, and the age ofExpand
The Tropical Western Hemisphere Warm Pool
The Western Hemisphere warm pool (WHWP) of water warmer than 28.5°C extends from the eastern North Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, and at its peak, overlaps with the tropical NorthExpand
Influences of the Atlantic Warm Pool on Western Hemisphere Summer Rainfall and Atlantic Hurricanes
The Atlantic warm pool (AWP) of water warmer than 28.5°C comprises the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, and the western tropical North Atlantic (TNA). The AWP reaches its maximum size aroundExpand
On the Structure and Dynamics of Monthly Mean Sea Level Anomalies along the Pacific Coast of North and South America
Abstract The behavior and relationship of anomalies of monthly mean sea level, coastal sea surface temperature and alongshore wind stress for the eastern Pacific Ocean during the period 1950–74 haveExpand
Influence of the tropical Atlantic versus the tropical Pacific on Caribbean rainfall
[1] The Caribbean rainfall season runs from May through November and is distinctly bimodal in nature. The bimodality allows for a convenient division into an early season (May–June–July) and a lateExpand
The Dependence of Caribbean Rainfall on the Interaction of the Tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Seasonally stratified analyses of rainfall anomalies over the intra-Americas sea and surrounding land areas and of onset and end dates of the Central American rainy season show that the variabilityExpand
How ubiquitous is the dipole relationship in tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures
Several kinds of analysis are applied to sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) (1856–1991) to determine the degree to which SSTA of opposite sign in the tropical North and South Atlantic occur.Expand
Relationships of inter‐american rainfall to tropical Atlantic and Pacific SST variability
Area-averaged anomalies of sea surface temperature (SSTA) and rainfall, developed from large scale data sets, have been used to explore the relative importance of Pacific versus Atlantic SSTExpand