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  • Influence
Unskilled and unaware of it: how difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments.
Across 4 studies, the authors found that participants scoring in the bottom quartile on tests of humor, grammar, and logic grossly overestimated their test performance and ability.
Ambiguity and self-evaluation: the role of idiosyncratic trait definitions in self-serving assessments of ability
When people are asked to compare their abilities to those of their peers, they predominantly provide self-serving assessments that appear objectively indefensible. This article proposes that such
Flawed Self-Assessment
Empirical findings on the imperfect nature of self-assessment are reviewed and several interventions aimed at circumventing the consequences of such flawed assessments are discussed; these include training people to routinely make cognitive repairs correcting for biasedSelf-assessments and requiring people to justify their decisions in front of their peers.
Feeling "holier than thou": are self-serving assessments produced by errors in self- or social prediction?
  • N. Epley, D. Dunning
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 December 2000
Two final studies suggest this divergence in accuracy arises, in part, because people are unwilling to consult population base rates when predicting their own behavior but use this diagnostic information more readily when predicting others'.
The Dunning–Kruger Effect: On Being Ignorant of One’s Own Ignorance
sp0095 In this chapter, I provide argument and evidence that the scope of people’s ignorance is often invisible to them. This meta-ignorance (or ignorance of ignorance) arises because lack of
A newer look: Motivated social cognition and the schematic representation of social concepts.
In this article, I argue that the basic building blocks of social cognition, the schemata people possess of social traits and concepts, are shaped by motivations to retain flattering images of the
Why People Fail to Recognize Their Own Incompetence
Successful negotiation of everyday life would seem to require people to possess insight about deficiencies in their intellectual and social skills. However, people tend to be blissfully unaware of
Self-Insight: Roadblocks and Detours on the Path to Knowing Thyself
Thales's Lament: On the Vagaries of Self-Assessment. Ignorance as Bliss. Clues for Competence. The Dearest Teacher. False Uniqueness. In a Word. The Merest Decency. Beyond One's Self. Reflections on