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WHEN BIGGER IS NOT BETTER: FAMILY SIZE, PARENTAL RESOURCES, AND CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE*
- D. Downey
- 1 October 1995
Although the inverse relationship between the number of siblings and childrens educational performance has been well established explanations for this relationship remain primitive. One explanation…
Are Schools the Great Equalizer? Cognitive Inequality during the Summer Months and the School Year
How does schooling affect inequality in cognitive skills? Reproductionist theorists have argued that schooling plays an important role in reproducing and even exacerbating existing disparities. But…
ASSESSING THE OPPOSITIONAL CULTURE EXPLANATION FOR RACIAL/ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN SCHOOL PERFORMANCE*
The oppositional culture explanation for racial disparities in school performance posits that individuals from historically oppressed groups (involuntary minorities) signify their antagonism toward…
Number of siblings and intellectual development. The resource dilution explanation.
- D. Downey
- EducationThe American psychologist
- 1 June 2001
The author identifies critical flaws in recent critiques of the dilution position and concludes that dilution continues to provide the most promising explanation for why children with few siblings score higher on tests of cognitive skills than children with many siblings.
Why are residential and school moves associated with poor school performance?
Using longitudinal data, it is found that differences in achievement between movers and nonmovers are partially a result of declines in social relationships experienced by students who move, and most of the negative effect of moving is due to preexisting differences between the two groups.
When Race Matters: Teachers' Evaluations of Students' Classroom Behavior
Past studies have noted that black students' classroom behavior is rated more favorably by black teachers than by white teachers. This pattern could be a function of white teachers' bias—rating black…
The School Performance of Children From Single-Mother and Single-Father Families:
- D. Downey
- 1 March 1994
Very little is known about the academic performance of children from single-father families. How do they achieve in school relative to children from single-mother and two-parent families? Do the same…
Playing Well with Others in Kindergarten: The Benefit of Siblings at Home
There are many reasons to expect that children gain something by growing up with siblings, yet there is surprisingly scant evidence of this advantage. Indeed, the vast majority of research assessing…
Are “Failing” Schools Really Failing? Using Seasonal Comparison to Evaluate School Effectiveness
To many, it seems obvious which schools are failing—schools whose students perform poorly on achievement tests. But since evaluating schools on achievement mixes the effects of school and nonschool…
The effect of school on overweight in childhood: gain in body mass index during the school year and during summer vacation.
- P. V. von Hippel, Brian Powell, D. Downey, Nicholas J. Rowland
- Medicine, EducationAmerican journal of public health
- 1 April 2007
Although a school's diet and exercise policies may be less than ideal, it appears that early school environments contribute less to overweight than do nonschool environments.