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Occurrence, genotoxicity, and carcinogenicity of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products in drinking water: a review and roadmap for research.
Drowning in disinfection byproducts? Assessing swimming pool water.
- C. Zwiener, S. Richardson, D. DeMarini, T. Grummt, T. Glauner, F. Frimmel
- BiologyEnvironmental science & technology
- 15 January 2007
DBPs may be reduced by engineering and behavioral means, such as applying new oxidation and filtration methods, reducing bromide and iodide in the source water, increasing air circulation in indoor pools, and assuring the cleanliness of swimmers.
Genotoxicity of tobacco smoke and tobacco smoke condensate: a review.
- D. DeMarini
- Biology, MedicineMutation research
- 1 November 2004
What’s in the Pool? A Comprehensive Identification of Disinfection By-products and Assessment of Mutagenicity of Chlorinated and Brominated Swimming Pool Water
This study identified many new DBPs not identified previously in swimming pool or drinking water and found that swimming pool waters are as mutagenic as typical drinking waters.
Key Characteristics of Carcinogens as a Basis for Organizing Data on Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis
The use of the 10 key characteristics of carcinogens as a basis for organizing data on mechanisms of carcinogenesis are described and a graphical representation of the identified mechanistic information is constructed.
Tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking.
Methylated trivalent arsenicals as candidate ultimate genotoxic forms of arsenic: Induction of chromosomal mutations but not gene mutations
The data support the view that MMAIII and DMA III are candidate ultimate genotoxic forms of arsenic and that they are clastogens and not gene mutagens, and suggest that the clastogenicity of the other arsenicals is due to their metabolism by cells to MMAIII or DMAIII.
Sample characterization of automobile and forklift diesel exhaust particles and comparative pulmonary toxicity in mice.
Two samples of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) predominate in health effects research: an automobile-derived DEP (A-DEP) sample and the National Institute of Standards Technology standard reference…
Oxidative damage-related genes AKR1C3 and OGG1 modulate risks for lung cancer due to exposure to PAH-rich coal combustion emissions.
SNPs in the oxidative stress related-genes AKR1C3 and OGG1 may play a role in the pathogenesis of lung cancer in this population, particularly among heavily exposed women, according to a population-based, case-control study in Xuan Wei, China.
Genotoxic Effects in Swimmers Exposed to Disinfection By-products in Indoor Swimming Pools
The findings support potential genotoxic effects of exposure to DBPs from swimming pools and suggest the positive health effects gained by swimming could be increased by reducing the potential health risks of pool water.