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Are Ghettos Good or Bad?
Theory suggests that spatial separation of racial and ethnic groups can have both positive and negative effects on the economic performance of minorities. Racial segregation may be damaging becauseExpand
The Association Between Income and Life Expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014.
In the United States between 2001 and 2014, higher income was associated with greater longevity, and differences in life expectancy across income groups increased over time, however, the association between life expectancy and income varied substantially across areas; differences in longevity acrossincome groups decreased in some areas and increased in others. Expand
The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto
This paper examines segregation in American cities from 1890 to 1990. From 1890 to 1940, ghettos were born as blacks migrated to urban areas and cities developed vast expanses filled with almostExpand
An aging society: opportunity or challenge?
The general conclusion is that demographic changes will improve American standards of living in the near future, but lower them slightly over the very long term. Expand
Understanding differences in health behaviors by education.
It is shown that income, health insurance, and family background can account for about 30 percent of the gradient, and knowledge and measures of cognitive ability explain an additional 30 percent, while social networks account for another 10 percent. Expand
Workplace wellness programs can generate savings.
A critical meta-analysis of the literature on costs and savings associated with workplace disease prevention and wellness programs found that medical costs fall by about $3.27 for every dollar spent on wellness programs, which suggests that the wider adoption of such programs could prove beneficial for budgets and productivity as well as health outcomes. Expand
Incidence and mortality of hip fractures in the United States.
In the United States, hip fracture rates and subsequent mortality among persons 65 years and older are declining, and comorbidities among patients with hip fractures have increased. Expand
What moves stock prices?
This paper estimates the fraction of the variance in aggregate stock returns that can be attributed to various kinds of news. First, we consider macroeconomic news and show that it is difficult toExpand
Rising Inequality? Changes in the Distribution of Income and Consumption in the 1980s
This paper examines changes in the distribution of income and consumption in the United States during the 1980s. using data from the Current Population Survey (income) and Consumer Expenditure SurveyExpand
The gap gets bigger: changes in mortality and life expectancy, by education, 1981-2000.
With the exception of black males, all recent gains in life expectancy at age twenty-five have occurred among better-educated groups, raising educational differentials in life life expectancy by 30 percent. Expand