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Are Ghettos Good or Bad?
Theory suggests that spatial separation of racial and ethnic groups can have both positive and negative effects on the economic performance of minorities. Racial segregation may be damaging becauseExpand
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The Association Between Income and Life Expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014.
IMPORTANCE The relationship between income and life expectancy is well established but remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES To measure the level, time trend, and geographic variability in theExpand
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An aging society: opportunity or challenge?
"This paper steps back from the current political debate [in the United States] over the social security trust fund and examines the more general question of how serious a macroeconomic problem agingExpand
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The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto
This paper examines segregation in American cities from 1890 to 1990. From 1890 to 1940, ghettos were born as blacks migrated to urban areas and cities developed vast expanses filled with almostExpand
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Understanding differences in health behaviors by education.
Using a variety of data sets from two countries, we examine possible explanations for the relationship between education and health behaviors, known as the education gradient. We show that income,Expand
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Does Public Insurance Crowd Out Private Insurance?
One popular option for health care reform in the U.S. is to make particular groups, such as children, eligible for public health insurance coverage. A key question in assessing the cost of thisExpand
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Workplace wellness programs can generate savings.
Amid soaring health spending, there is growing interest in workplace disease prevention and wellness programs to improve health and lower costs. In a critical meta-analysis of the literature on costsExpand
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Incidence and mortality of hip fractures in the United States.
CONTEXT Understanding the incidence and subsequent mortality following hip fracture is essential to measuring population health and the value of improvements in health care. OBJECTIVE To examineExpand
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Paying for Health Insurance: The Tradeoff between Competition and Adverse Selection
This paper uses data on health insurance choices by employees of Harvard University to examine the effect of alternative pricing rules on market equilibrium. In the mid-1990s, Harvard moved from aExpand
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The role of public health improvements in health advances: The twentieth-century United States
Mortality rates in the United States fell more rapidly during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries than in any other period in American history. This decline coincided with anExpand
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