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A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder.
TLDR
A cognitive model of persistence of PTSD is proposed that is consistent with the main clinical features of PTSD, helps explain several apparently puzzling phenomena and provides a framework for treatment by identifying three key targets for change.
The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): Development and validation.
This article describes the development and validation of a new measure of trauma-related thoughts and beliefs, the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI), whose items were derived from clinical
A cognitive approach to panic.
  • D. Clark
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1986
TLDR
The proposed cognitive model of panic is described, which is consistent with the nature of the cognitive disturbance in panic patients, the perceived sequence of events in an attack, the occurrence of ‘spontaneous’ attacks, the role of hyperventilation in attacks,The effects of sodium lactate and the literature on psychological and pharmacological treatments.
The Health Anxiety Inventory: development and validation of scales for the measurement of health anxiety and hypochondriasis
TLDR
The HAI is a reliable and valid measure of health anxiety and likely to be useful as a brief screening instrument, as there is a short form which correlates highly with the longer version.
Improving access to psychological therapy: Initial evaluation of two UK demonstration sites
TLDR
An evaluation of the new services for Improving Access to Psychological Therapies for depression and anxiety disorders in Doncaster and Newham during their first thirteen months of operation finds that opening the services to self-referral appeared to facilitate access for some groups that tend to be underrepresented in general practice referrals.
Implementing NICE guidelines for the psychological treatment of depression and anxiety disorders: The IAPT experience
  • D. Clark
  • Medicine
    International review of psychiatry
  • 1 August 2011
TLDR
At mid-point in a national roll-out of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme progress is generally in line with expectation, and a large number of people who would not otherwise have had the opportunity to receive evidence-based psychological treatment have accessed, and benefited from, the new IAPT services.
Posttraumatic stress disorder following assault: the role of cognitive processing, trauma memory, and appraisals.
TLDR
Comparisons of current, past, and no-PTSD groups suggested that peritraumatic cognitive processing is related to the development of disorganized memories and PTSD.
Anxiety disorders: why they persist and how to treat them.
  • D. Clark
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1 July 1999
TLDR
Six processes (safety-seeking behaviours, attentional deployment, spontaneous imagery, emotional reasoning, memory processes and the nature of the threat representation) that could maintain anxiety-related negative beliefs are outlined and their empirical status is reviewed.
Recurrent images and early memories in social phobia.
TLDR
The results suggest that in patients with social phobia, early unpleasant experiences may lead to the development of excessively negative images of their social selves that are repeatedly activated in subsequent social situations and fail to update in the light of subsequent, more favourable experiences.
Cognitive therapy versus fluoxetine in generalized social phobia: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
TLDR
Cognitive therapy remained superior to FLU + SE and PLA + SE at the end of the booster period and at 12-month follow-up, and on general mood measures, there were few differences between the treatments.
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