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Clinical assessment of the ultrasonographic measurement of antral area for estimating preoperative gastric content and volume.
TLDR
The ultrasonographic measurement of antral CSA could be an important help for the anesthesiologist in minimizing the risk of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents due to general anesthesia.
Alveolar and Serum Procalcitonin: Diagnostic and Prognostic Value in Ventilator-associated Pneumonia
TLDR
Serum but not alveolar procalcitonin seems to be a helpful parameter in the early VAP diagnosis and an appropriate marker for predicting mortality.
Pharmacokinetics and intrapulmonary concentrations of linezolid administered to critically ill patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia*
TLDR
This study suggests that a dosage of 600 mg administered intravenously twice daily to critically ill patients with Gram-positive ventilator-associated pneumonia would achieve success against organisms with minimum inhibitory concentrations as high as 2–4 mg/L in both plasma and epithelial lining fluid.
Risk factors for airway complications during general anaesthesia in paediatric patients
TLDR
No study has prospectively identified risk factors for adverse respiratory events during airway management when LMA™ (laryngeal mask airway), face mask (FM) or a tracheal tube (TT) are used.
Steady-state plasma and intrapulmonary concentrations of cefepime administered in continuous infusion in critically ill patients with severe nosocomial pneumonia*
TLDR
The administration of 4 g of cefepime in continuous infusion in critically ill patients with severe nosocomial pneumonia appears to optimize the pharmacodynamic profile of this andbgr;-lactam by constantly providing concentrations in excess of minimal inhibitory concentration of most of susceptible organisms over the course of therapy in both serum and epithelial lining fluid.
Ultrasound‐guided subclavian vein cannulation in infants: supraclavicular approach
TLDR
This work describes a new US‐guided approach for supraclavicular SCV cannulation in infants to avoid compression of the central venous catheter between the clavicle and the first rib (‘pinch‐off’ syndrome).
Alveolar concentrations of piperacillin/tazobactam administered in continuous infusion to patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia*
TLDR
A target piperacillin serum concentration of at least 35–40 mg/L is probably required to provide alveolar concentrations exceeding the susceptibility breakpoint for Gram-negative bacteria during ventilator-associated pneumonia, suggesting that therapeutic drug monitoring should be performed in order to adjust the daily dose.
Noise in the postanaesthesia care unit.
TLDR
Even though sound in the PACU exceeded the internationally recommended intensity (40 dBA), it did not cause discomfort and stepwise multiple logistic regression indicated that only pain was associated with discomfort.
Latex allergy in children: modalities and prevention
TLDR
The most effective strategy to decrease the incidence of latex sensitization is complete avoidance and has been applied since 2002 in the pediatric surgical hospital, where no allergic reaction to latex has been reported in 25,000 anesthetized children or with the health care workers.
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