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Biomechanical analysis of human ligament grafts used in knee-ligament repairs and reconstructions.
Grafts utilizing prepatellar retinacular tissues and others in which a somewhat narrow width of fascia lata or distal iliotibial tract is utilized are at risk for elongation and failure at low forces.
Ligamentous and capsular restraints preventing straight medial and lateral laxity in intact human cadaver knees.
This study determined which hgaments and capsular structures resist medial and lateral opening of the joint space in cadaver knees during clinical testing for straight medial andateral laxity and described a new method for determining the restraining force provided by each ligament and capsulan structure.
Use of mesenchymal stem cells in a collagen matrix for achilles tendon repair
The results indicate that delivering mesenchymal stem cell‐contracted, organized collagen implants to large tendon defects can significantly improve the biomechanics, structure, and probably the function of the tendon after injury.
Functional tissue engineering: the role of biomechanics.
The authors present principles of functional tissue engineering that should be addressed when engineering repairs and replacements for load-bearing structures and suggest that incorporating each should result in safer and more efficacious repairs andreplacements for the surgeon and patient.
Repair of patellar tendon injuries using a cell–collagen composite
The symptomatic anterior cruciate-deficient knee. Part I: the long-term functional disability in athletically active individuals.
This study reports on the disability of 103 patients with symptomatic chronic laxity of the an tenor cruciate ligament that was uncomplicated by other associated major ligament deficiency or prior
Dose‐dependent response of gamma irradiation on mechanical properties and related biochemical composition of goat bone‐patellar tendon‐bone allografts
Dose‐dependent reductions in the mechanical properties and material properties were found, and significant decreases in hydroxypyridinium crosslink density with 6 Mrad of irradiation were found; other possible mechanisms also are being explored to more fully explain these dose‐dependent changes.