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Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory
Three classes of evidence demonstrate the existence of life scripts, or culturally shared representations of the timing of major transitional life events, and provide an alternative explanation of the reminiscence bump.
When a trauma becomes a key to identity: Enhanced integration of trauma memories predicts posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms
The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) measures the extent to which a traumatic memory forms a central component of personal identity, a turning point in the life story and a reference point for
Emotionally charged autobiographical memories across the life span: the recall of happy, sad, traumatic, and involuntary memories.
Life scripts favoring positive events in young adulthood can account for the findings, and standard accounts of the bump need to be modified by repression or reduced rehearsal of negative events due to life change or social censure.
Involuntary Autobiographical Memories: An Introduction to the Unbidden Past
1. Introduction to the unbidden past 2. Theoretical backgrounds 3. Ways to study the unbidden past 4. How special are involuntary autobiographical memories? 5. How do they come to mind? 6.
Voluntary and involuntary access to autobiographical memory.
The findings demonstrate that voluntary and involuntary retrieval may access different samples of autobiographical memories, with the voluntary memories less specific, more frequently rehearsed, and less emotionally positive than the involuntary memories.
Life scripts help to maintain autobiographical memories of highly positive, but not highly negative, events
The results support the idea of culturally shared life scripts for positive but not negative events, which structure retrieval processes and spaced practice.
Involuntary memories of emotional events: do memories of traumas and extremely happy events differ?
Laboratory studies of voluntary memories have been criticized for being too insensitive in detecting the impact of trauma. To overcome this, 12 traumatized undergraduates participated in a diary
People over forty feel 20% younger than their age: Subjective age across the lifespan
Subjective age—the age people think of themselves as being—is measured in a representative Danish sample of 1,470 adults between 20 and 97 years of age through personal, in-home interviews, favoring a lifespan-developmental view over an age-denial view of subjective age.
Tunnel memories for autobiographical events: Central details are remembered more frequently from shocking than from happy experiences
  • D. Berntsen
  • Psychology, Biology
    Memory & cognition
  • 1 October 2002
The findings suggest that tunnel memories—enhanced memory for the central details of an event—are limited to emotionally negative memories, which contradict expectations derived from the notion of repression.