• Publications
  • Influence
Information processing difficulty long after self-reported concussion
  • D. Bernstein
  • Psychology
    Journal of the International Neuropsychological…
  • 1 July 2002
Preliminary evidence is offered that the combination of event-related potentials and demanding behavioral measures might reveal long-lasting, subtle cognitive problems associated with MHI, which may challenge existing notions of complete recovery after MHI.
Hindsight bias from 3 to 95 years of age.
The first study to trace the development of hindsight bias across the life span is reported, finding preschoolers' enhanced hindsight bias resulted from them substituting the correct answer for their original answer in their recall and older adults'Enhanced hindsight bias came from them forgetting their originalanswer and recalling an answer closer to, but not equal to, the correctanswer.
P300 Event-Related Potential Decrements in Well-Functioning University Students with Mild Head Injury
The data suggest that despite excellent behavioral recovery, subtle information processing deficits involving attention nevertheless may persist long after the original injury and may not be apparent on a variety of standard psychometric measures.
Recovery from mild head injury.
The evidence for long-lasting (i.e. more than 1 year), subtle neurobehavioral impairment after MHI indicates that additional research is required on MHI 1 year or more after injury.
Nonprobative photographs (or words) inflate truthiness
In four experiments, the impact of nonprobative information on truthiness was examined and it was shown that photos and verbal information similarly inflated truthiness, suggesting that the effect is not peculiar to photographs per se.
Abstract In two experiments, we suggested to 336 participants that as children they had become ill after eating either hard–boiled eggs or dill pickles. Eighty–three additional control participants
False beliefs about fattening foods can have healthy consequences.
The findings show that it is possible to convince people that, as children, they experienced a negative event involving a fattening food and that this false belief results in avoidance of that food in adulthood, and indicates that the authors can, through suggestion, manipulate nutritional selection and possibly even improve health.
Truthiness and falsiness of trivia claims depend on judgmental contexts.
The results suggest that photos influence people's judgments when a discrepancy arises in the expected ease of processing, and also support a mechanism in which-against a backdrop of an expected standard-related photos help people generate pseudoevidence to support claims.
We Saw It All Along
The developmental origins and trajectory of the hindsight bias were traced, including children and adults using advance knowledge to overestimate their same-age peers' ability to identify the objects.