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Confronting the coral reef crisis
The ecological roles of critical functional groups (for both corals and reef fishes) that are fundamental to understanding resilience and avoiding phase shifts from coral dominance to less desirable, degraded ecosystems are reviewed. Expand
Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs
International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming. Expand
Phase Shifts, Herbivory, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs to Climate Change
Experimentally manipulated the density of large herbivorous fishes to test their influence on the resilience of coral assemblages in the aftermath of regional-scale bleaching in 1998, the largest coral mortality event recorded to date. Expand
Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
The distinctive geographic footprints of recurrent bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef in 1998, 2002 and 2016 were determined by the spatial pattern of sea temperatures in each year, suggesting that local protection of reefs affords little or no resistance to extreme heat. Expand
A functional approach reveals community responses to disturbances.
Empirical evidence is synthesized and a theoretical framework, based on species positions in a functional space, as a tool to reveal the complex nature of change in disturbed ecosystems is presented. Expand
Coral reefs in the Anthropocene
The global challenge is to steer reefs through the Anthropocene era in a way that maintains their biological functions and will require radical changes in the science, management and governance of coral reefs. Expand
Evaluating life-history strategies of reef corals from species traits.
This work identifies up to four life-history strategies that appear globally consistent across 143 species of reef corals: competitive, weedy, stress-tolerant and generalist taxa, which are primarily separated by colony morphology, growth rate and reproductive mode. Expand
New paradigms for supporting the resilience of marine ecosystems.
The emergence of a complex systems approach for sustaining and repairing marine ecosystems, linking ecological resilience to governance structures, economics and society is highlighted. Expand
A functional analysis of grazing in parrotfishes (family Scaridae): the ecological implications
SynopsisThe assumption that parrotfishes represent a single group of grazing herbivores is addressed by morphological, functional and ecological analyses. This assumption is rejected. The 24 scarineExpand
Regional-Scale Assembly Rules and Biodiversity of Coral Reefs
Tropical reef fishes and corals exhibit highly predictable patterns of taxonomic composition across the Indian and Pacific Oceans, but the composition of these key taxa is constrained within a remarkably narrow range of values. Expand