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Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor underlying responsiveness of non-small-cell lung cancer to gefitinib.
TLDR
A subgroup of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer have specific mutations in the EGFR gene which correlate with clinical responsiveness to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib, and these mutations lead to increased growth factor signaling and confer susceptibility to the inhibitor. Expand
DNA Methyltransferases Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b Are Essential for De Novo Methylation and Mammalian Development
TLDR
It is demonstrated that two recently identified DNA methyltransferases, DnMT3a and Dnmt3b, are essential for de novo methylation and for mouse development and play important roles in normal development and disease. Expand
Integrated genomic characterization of endometrial carcinoma
  • D. Levine, Gad Stacey B. Kristian Eric Andrey Carrie Mike Cyriac Getz Gabriel Cibulskis Lander Sivachenko Sougnez L, +271 authors H. Sofia
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature
  • 1 May 2013
TLDR
The genomic features of endometrial carcinomas permit a reclassification that may affect post-surgical adjuvant treatment for women with aggressive tumours, and these features are classified into four categories: POLE ultramutated, microsatellite instability hypermutated, copy- number low, and copy-number high. Expand
Epidermal growth factor receptor mutations in lung cancer
TLDR
'oncogenic shock' is described as a mechanistic explanation for the apoptosis that follows the acute treatment of susceptible cells with kinase inhibitors, essential to the successful use of targeted therapies in common epithelial cancers. Expand
Isolation of rare circulating tumour cells in cancer patients by microchip technology
TLDR
The CTC-chip successfully identified CTCs in the peripheral blood of patients with metastatic lung, prostate, pancreatic, breast and colon cancer in 115 of 116 samples, with a range of 5–1,281CTCs per ml and approximately 50% purity. Expand
salvador Promotes Both Cell Cycle Exit and Apoptosis in Drosophila and Is Mutated in Human Cancer Cell Lines
TLDR
Salvador restricts cell numbers in vivo by functioning as a dual regulator of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Expand
Gefitinib-Sensitizing EGFR Mutations in Lung Cancer Activate Anti-Apoptotic Pathways
TLDR
It is reported that mutant EGFRs selectively transduce survival signals on which NSCLCs become dependent; inhibition of those signals by gefitinib may contribute to the drug's efficacy. Expand
BACH1, a Novel Helicase-like Protein, Interacts Directly with BRCA1 and Contributes to Its DNA Repair Function
TLDR
A BACH1 derivative, bearing a mutation in a residue that was essential for catalytic function in other helicases, interfered with normal double-strand break repair in a manner that was dependent on its BRCA1 binding function. Expand
Heterozygous germ line hCHK2 mutations in Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
TLDR
HCHK2 is a tumor suppressor gene conferring predisposition to sarcoma, breast cancer, and brain tumors, and the central role of p53 inactivation in human cancer and the well-defined G2 checkpoint in yeast is provided. Expand
A recurrent mutation in PALB2 in Finnish cancer families
BRCA1, BRCA2 and other known susceptibility genes account for less than half of the detectable hereditary predisposition to breast cancer. Other relevant genes therefore remain to be discovered.Expand
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