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The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environment.
Findings in the area of anxiety and depression, helplessness, locus of control, explanatory style, animal learning, biology, parenting, attachment theory, and childhood stress and resilience are reviewed to articulate a model of the environmental influences on the development of anxiety.
Unraveling the mysteries of anxiety and its disorders from the perspective of emotion theory.
  • D. Barlow
  • Medicine
    The American psychologist
  • 2000
This model specifies an integrated set of triple vulnerabilities: a generalized biological vulnerability, a generalized psychological vulnerability based on early experiences in developing a sense of control over salient events, and a more specific psychological vulnerability in which one learns to focus anxiety on specific objects or situations.
Psychometric properties of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) in clinical samples.
The psychometric properties of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales were evaluated in two studies using large clinical samples and indicated that the DASS distinguished various anxiety and mood disorder groups in the predicted direction.
Multicenter collaborative panic disorder severity scale.
The Panic Disorder Severity Scale is a simple, efficient way for clinicians to rate severity in patients with established diagnoses of panic disorder, however, further research with more diverse groups ofpanic disorder patients and with a broader range of convergent and discriminant validity measures is needed.
Causes of sexual dysfunction: the role of anxiety and cognitive interference.
  • D. Barlow
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1 April 1986
Anxiety and its disorders : the nature and treatment of anxiety and panic
The Experience of Anxiety: Shadow of Intelligence or Specter of Death? Emotions and Anxiety. The Phenomenon of Panic. Provoking Panic in the Laboratory. Biological Aspects of Anxiety and Panic. The
Structural relationships among dimensions of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders and dimensions of negative affect, positive affect, and autonomic arousal.
Using outpatients with anxiety and mood disorders, several models of the structural relationships of dimensions of key features of selected emotional disorders and dimensions of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression supported the discriminant validity of the 5 symptom domains examined.
A modern learning theory perspective on the etiology of panic disorder.
The authors propose that PD develops because exposure to panic attacks causes the conditioning of anxiety (and sometimes panic) to exteroceptive and interoceptive cues, which begins the individual's spiral into PD.
Toward a unified treatment for emotional disorders
Over 40 years of development of cognitive behavioral approaches to treating anxiety and related emotional disorders have left us with highly efficacious treatments that are increasingly widely