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Focalism: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
- T. Wilson, T. Wheatley, J. Meyers, D. Gilbert, D. Axsom
- Medicine, Psychology
- Journal of personality and social psychology
- 1 May 2000
The durability bias, the tendency to overpredict the duration of affective reactions to future events, may be due in part to focalism, whereby people focus too much on the event in question and not… Expand
Rape Acknowledgment and Postassault Experiences: How Acknowledgment Status Relates to Disclosure, Coping, Worldview, and Reactions Received From Others
- H. Littleton, D. Axsom, C. R. Breitkopf, A. Berenson
- Psychology, Medicine
- Violence and Victims
- 1 December 2006
Many rape victims are unacknowledged. These victims do not label their experience as rape; instead they give the experience a more benign label, such as a miscommunication. The current study examined… Expand
Sexual Assault Victims' Acknowledgment Status and Revictimization Risk
How a victim of rape characterizes her assault has potential implications for her postassault experiences and revictimization risk. Prior research has identified several potential benefits to not… Expand
A critical review of theories to explain violent relationship termination: implications for research and intervention.
The following review represents an update and extension to an influential article (see [Strube, M.J. (1988). The decision to leave an abusive relationship: Empirical evidence and theoretical issues.… Expand
Development of the body image concern inventory.
Development of the Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI), a measure designed to assess dysmorphic concern, is described. A panel of expert raters supported the construct validity of the measure, and… Expand
Impaired and Incapacitated Rape Victims: Assault Characteristics and Post-Assault Experiences
Alcohol is the most common “rape drug,” with up to two-thirds of victims consuming alcohol prior to the assault. Surprisingly, little research has examined the assault and postassault experiences of… Expand
Using the Investment Model to Understand Battered Women's Commitment to Abusive Relationships
We replicate and extend research using the Investment Model (Rusbult, 1980, J. Exp. Social Psychol., 45, 101–117) to understand battered women's commitment to abusive relationships. The Investment… Expand
Rape and Seduction Scripts of University Students: Implications for Rape Attributions and Unacknowledged Rape
Research suggests that sexual scripts play a key role in how people understand and enact sexual interactions. For example, forced sexual activity may not be labeled as rape because it does not fit… Expand
Pessimistic Bias in Comparative Evaluations: A Case of Perceived Vulnerability to the Effects of Negative Life Events
This study tested the hypothesis that unrealistic pessimism characterizes comparative estimates of coping ability. Participants rated their ability to adjust to a range of negative life events in… Expand
Longitudinal evaluation of the relationship between maladaptive trauma coping and distress: examination following the mass shooting at Virginia Tech
- H. Littleton, D. Axsom, Amie E. Grills-Taquechel
- Psychology, Medicine
- Anxiety, stress, and coping
- 1 May 2011
Abstract Growing evidence supports that the coping strategies that individuals utilize are a key predictor of distress following trauma. However, there is limited longitudinal research examining the… Expand