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Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios
The physics, chemistry, and ecology of the oceans might be affected based on two CO2 emission trajectories: one business as usual and one with aggressive reductions, consistent with the Copenhagen Accord of keeping mean global temperature increase below 2°C in the 21st century. Expand
Photosynthesis and Calcification at Cellular, Organismal and Community Levels in Coral Reefs: A Review on Interactions and Control by Carbonate Chemistry
SYNOPSIS. Photosynthesis and calcification in zooxanthellate scleractinian corals and coral reefs are reviewed at several scales: cellular (pathways and transport mechanisms of inorganic carbon andExpand
Impacts of ocean acidification on coral reefs and other marine calcifiers : a guide for future research
NOTICE from NSF Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National ScienceExpand
Cell Biology of Cnidarian-Dinoflagellate Symbiosis
A comprehensive overview of the history of the cnidarian/coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis, its current status, and where it should be going in the future is provided. Expand
Sources and mechanisms of inorganic carbon transport for coral calcification and photosynthesis.
Characterisation of the DIC supply for symbiotic dinoflagellate photosynthesis demonstrated the presence of a DIC pool within the tissues, suggesting that there is an active transepithelial absorption of inorganic carbon sensitive to DIDS, ethoxyzolamide and iodide. Expand
Biomineralisation in reef-building corals: from molecular mechanisms to environmental control
A view of the works carried out on biomineralisation in scleractinian corals, including some aspects on the control of calcification by environmental parameters are shown, and insights into the biological basis of the use of coral skeletons as environmental archives in palaeo-oceanography are given. Expand
Coral Calcification, Cells to Reefs
This chapter reviews the present knowledge and discusses the different theories on coral calcification, from the molecular to the reef level, and identifies key issues to be resolved in order to understand the intimate mechanisms of calcification of corals. Expand
Impact of seawater acidification on pH at the tissue–skeleton interface and calcification in reef corals
The findings suggest that Reef corals may mitigate the effects of seawater acidification by regulating pH in the SCM, but they also highlight the role of calcifying cell pH homeostasis in determining the response of reef corals to changes in external seawater pH and carbonate chemistry. Expand
Imaging intracellular pH in a reef coral and symbiotic anemone
Intracellular pH (pHi) is mapped in short-term light and dark-incubated cells of the reef coral Stylophora pistillata and the symbiotic anemone Anemonia viridis to provide a cell imaging procedure for future investigations into how pHi and other fundamental intracellular parameters in corals respond to changes in the external environment such as reductions in seawater pH. Expand
Coral biomineralization: From the gene to the environment
The anatomy of the coral is described, discussing the soft tissues followed by the hard tissues at both the macro- and micro-scales, and the tissue-skeletal interface, the extracellular calcifying medium and the processes responsible for skeletal formation are discussed. Expand