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The Pine Looper in Britain and Europe
The pine looper moth, Bupalus piniaria Linnaeus, has been a serious pest of European forestry for more than 200 years, particularly in Germany,15,17,30,32,61 In the Netherlands, where the looper hasExpand
The effect of host-plant and delayed mating on the fecundity and lifespan of the pine beauty moth, Panolis flammea (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): their influence on population
The effects of provenance and delayed mating demonstrate that the frequency of P. flammea outbreaks in the UK may be reduced by the planting of less preferred lodgepole pine provenances and by mating-disruption methods. Expand
The history and control of the pine beauty moth, Panolis flammea (D. & S.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Scotland from 1976 to 2000
The pine beauty moth, Panolis flammea, has been a serious pest of lodgepole pine plantations in Scotland since 1976 and has never been high enough to cause tree mortality in the U.K. Expand
Conserving the New Forest burnet moth (Zygaena viciae ([Denis and Schiffermueller])) in Scotland; responses to grazing reduction and consequent vegetation changes
The moth population in the New Forest burnet moth has dramatically increased since 1997, reaching an estimated 8500–10,200 in 2003, however, with only one site the moth remains threatened and establishment on new sites is now a priority. Expand
The effect of temperature on the emergence of pine beauty moth, Panolis flammea Schiff. (Lep., Noctuidae).
There was a positive and significant relationship between temperature and pupal emergence, and the timing and duration of emergence was significantly related to the sex of moths: females emerged earlier than males on average. Expand