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Transsynaptic transport of conjugates of wheat germ agglutinin with horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) has been studied in rats and cats. WGA-HRP was injected into a muscle nerve from which it was first transported to motoneurones and along sensory fibres, and secondarily to interneurones. More extensive labelling of interneurones occurred in preparations(More)
1. The responses of individual tendon organs of the cat peroneus tertius muscle to motor-unit contractions were recorded in anesthetized cats during experiments in which all the Ib-afferent fibers from the muscle had been prepared for recording in dorsal root filaments. This was possible because the cat peroneus tertius only contains a relatively small(More)
The location of a group of interneurones projecting to contralateral motor nuclei has been established using retrograde transneuronal transport of horseradish peroxidase conjugated with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA-HRP). After labelling the motoneurones of semitendinosus, medial gastrocnemius or quadriceps muscles, interneurones which were secondarily(More)
Reflex actions evoked by electrical stimulation of contralateral quadriceps, hamstring and gastrocnemius-soleus muscle afferents were investigated using intracellular recording from motoneurones, in chloralose-anaesthetized, acute, low spinal cats. Contralateral group I afferents were found to evoke excitatory post-synaptic potentials only occasionally.(More)
1. Intra-axonal records from the intraspinal course of Ib and Ia afferent fibres innervating the gastrocnemius medialis muscle were obtained in chloralose or Nembutal-anaesthetized cats during submaximal contractions of the muscle. 2. Afferent fibres in continuity with their muscle of origin were functionally identified by their responses to muscle stretch(More)
In the present work, dynamic clamp was used to inject a current that mimicked tonic synaptic activity in the soma of cat lumbar motoneurones with a microelectrode. The reversal potential of this current could be set at the resting potential so as to prevent membrane depolarization or hyperpolarization. The only effect of the dynamic clamp was then to elicit(More)
Peroneal motoneurons were recorded intracellularly in anesthetized cats during sustained submaximal contractions of peroneus brevis muscle (PB) elicited by repetitive electrical stimulation of motor axons in the distal portion of cut ventral root filaments. Mechanical stimulation of the territory innervated by the superficial peroneal nerve (SP) was applied(More)
We sought to determine why a given muscle appears represented in widespread loci in the motor cortex (MCx). To this end, we microstimulated every 500 microm along medio-lateral rows and recorded the evoked electromyographic (EMG) responses of up to a dozen forelimb muscles of the cat. A consistent finding in all animals studied was that along a given row,(More)
Confocal microscopy was used to detect GABA-immunoreactive axo-axonic appositions, indicating possible synaptic contacts, on Ib fiber terminals in the lumbosacral spinal cord. A Ib fiber from posterior biceps-semitendinosus muscles was labeled by intra-axonal ejection of tetramethylrhodamine dextran (red), and serial sections of S1-L7 spinal cord segments(More)
Twitch and tetanic contractions of single motor units of the cat peroneus tertius muscle were examined after application of a test allowing their identification as either fast fatigable (f.f.) or fast fatigue-resistant (f.r.) or fast intermediate (f.i.) or slow units as established by Burke, Levine, Tsairis & Zajac (1973). The test was found to leave two(More)