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We tested the hypothesis that glucosamine, a putative activator of glucose toxicity in vitro through acceleration of the hexosamine pathway, may determine in vivo the two key features of glucose toxicity in diabetes, namely, peripheral insulin resistance and decreased insulin secretion. Two groups of awake rats were studied either with intraarterial(More)
The effect of tolbutamide administration on insulin secretion was studied in 69 children with growth retardation. Diminished insulin secretion was found in all the patients, compared to the control group. This insulin deficit was most evident in patients with isolated, total GH deficiency and least evident in children with idiopathic short stature.(More)
Several studies have suggested that, in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, augmented gluconeogenesis is responsible for increased endogenous glucose production (EGP) and in the end determines fasting hyperglycaemia. However, human and animal studies have been conducted by comparing euglycaemic control subjects to hyperglycaemic diabetic probands. We(More)
Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipocytes, decreases food intake and increases energy expenditure. The role of insulin in the regulation of leptin secretion is poorly understood and is still a topic of debate. Insulin increases leptin mRNA synthesis in rodents, but in humans, the available data are discordant. To investigate the role of chronic(More)
Alternative splicing of the 36-base pair exon 11 of the human insulin receptor (IR) gene and of the corresponding domain of the rat IR gene results in the synthesis of two IR isoforms with distinct functional characteristics. Altered expression of these IR isoforms has been previously demonstrated in the skeletal muscle of patients with(More)
We previously reported that patients with idiopathic reactive hypoglycemia (plasma glucose concentration lower than 2.5 mmol/L 2-4 h after the ingestion of 75 g of glucose) display reduced or absent counterregulatory response of the glucagon secretion and increased insulin sensitivity. In order to examine the effect of glucagon on the increased insulin(More)
To investigate the effect of hypoglycemia on the regulation of muscle-derived insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity, four groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were studied: two groups in which either insulin (4 mU/kg.min) or phloridzin (3 mg/kg.min) was infused to acutely reach hypoglycemia (mean, 3.2-3.5 mM); and two control groups in which either saline or(More)
OP 1 Oral Agents in the Management of Diabetes A 3 OP 2 Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes ........ A 5 OP 3 Experimental Immunology I ............ A 7 OP 4 Nephropathy I ..................... A 9 OP 5 Retinopathy ....................... A 11 OP 6 Mechanisms of Beta-Cell Destruction and Regeneration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 13 OP 7 Experimental(More)
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