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Ventricular fibrillation causes more than 300,000 sudden deaths each year in the USA alone. In approximately 5-12% of these cases, there are no demonstrable cardiac or non-cardiac causes to account for the episode, which is therefore classified as idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF). A distinct group of IVF patients has been found to present with a(More)
Responses of soil respiration to elevated carbon dioxide and nitrogen addition in subtropical forest ecosystems in China Q. Deng, G. Zhou, J. Liu, S. Liu, H. Duan, and D. Zhang South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China Received: 16 June 2009 –(More)
Niemann-Pick type C (NP-C) disease, a fatal neurovisceral disorder, is characterized by lysosomal accumulation of low density lipoprotein (LDL)-derived cholesterol. By positional cloning methods, a gene (NPC1) with insertion, deletion, and missense mutations has been identified in NP-C patients. Transfection of NP-C fibroblasts with wild-type NPC1 cDNA(More)
We describe the identification of Neuregulin-3 (NRG3), a novel protein that is structurally related to the neuregulins (NRG1). The NRG1/neuregulins are a diverse family of proteins that arise by alternative splicing from a single gene. These proteins play an important role in controlling the growth and differentiation of glial, epithelial, and muscle cells.(More)
The brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, is the most devastating rice insect pest to have given rise to an outbreak in recent years. RNA interference (RNAi) is a technological breakthrough that has been developed as a powerful tool for studying gene function and for the highly targeted control of insect pests. Here, we examined the effects of using a(More)
Limited success of somatic cell nuclear transfer is attributed to incomplete reprogramming of transferred nuclei. The objective was to determine if 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) and trichostatin A (TSA) promoted reprogramming and improved development. Relative to untreated controls, treatment of donor cells, cloned embryos, and continuous treatment of(More)
A number of studies have indicated that 8p22-p12 is likely to harbor schizophrenia susceptibility loci. In this region, the candidate gene of interest, neuregulin 1 (NRG1), may play a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Then in the present study, we performed the linkage disequilibrium to determine the association between three genetic variants(More)
Two recent genome-wide association studies have identified several novel type 2 diabetes susceptibility variants in intron 15 of the KCNQ1 gene. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the variants in KCNQ1 on type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits in the population of mainland China. Three candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 1,912(More)
Retinal levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), an angiogenic inhibitor, were measured and correlated with the ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization in rats. The retinas with neovascularization showed a 5-fold increase in VEGF while 2-fold decrease in PEDF, compared to the age-matched controls,(More)