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BACKGROUND The efficacy of intratympanic steroid (ITS) treatment in sudden deafness (SD) remains controversial. To shed light on this issue, we performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials to assess the overall efficacy of ITS therapy and to clarify whether it is more suitable as a first-line approach (primary treatment) or as a salvage(More)
Pontine tegmental cap dysplasia (PTCD) is an exceptionally rare brain stem and cerebellar malformation characterized by ventral pontine hypoplasia, vaulted pontine tegmentum, hypoplasia of the vermis, subtotal absence of middle cerebellar peduncles, lateralized course of the superior cerebellar peduncles, and absence or alteration of the inferior olivary(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the clinical charts of 45 paediatric patients treated for acute otomastoiditis at the ORL Department of the University of Brescia (Italy) between January 1994 and March 2005 and to discuss the diagnostic workup and the outcome of treatment. METHODS Twenty-six males and 19 females were admitted with acute mastoiditis and subperiosteal(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the closure time of diode laser-assisted myringotomies, the incidence of complications, and the hearing results in comparison with the "cold" procedure in adults with otitis media with effusion (OME). STUDY DESIGN Prospective case-control study. SETTING Tertiary referral center, university hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-eight adult(More)
The number of non-neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) indications for auditory brainstem implant (ABI) in the literature is increasing. The objective of this study was to analyze and discuss the indications for ABI. Retrospective chart review and systematic review were conducted at Quaternary referral skull base center and referring centers. Analysis of ABI(More)
CONCLUSIONS We observed 4 cases of paroxysmal positional vertigo (PPV) among 62 cochlear implant (CI) recipients. They occurred in the implanted ear without chronological relation with the surgical procedure or the implant's activation. All of them relapsed within 3 months after an initially successful repositioning maneuver, and finally recovered after the(More)
L-sulpiride is the levorotatory enantiomer of sulpiride, a neuroleptic of the family of benzamide derivatives; it has a characteristic antagonist effect on central DA2 dopaminergic receptors and dopamine DA1 "autoreceptors". Its efficacy in the symptomatic control of acute vertigo spells has been recognized, apart from its well-known antiemetic,(More)
The likelihood of residual hearing preservation in cochlear implantation (CI) is related to surgical factors such as type of cochleostomy (trans-fenestral vs. promontorial), use of lubricants and protective drugs, and device-related factors such as shape, length and flexibility of the array. We investigated the impact of these factors on the hearing(More)
OBJECTIVES To report of a 65-year-old woman with bilateral Meniere's disease was referred for cochlear implantation (CI) due to severe/profound sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS During the assessment workup, a vestibular schwannoma in the right ear was found by MR imaging. She underwent a translabyrinthine removal of the acoustic neuroma (AN) with(More)
Deep neck abscesses are life-threatening conditions, in early stages preferably treated by intravenous antibiotic therapy; in advanced stages, surgical drainage is mandatory. We report two cases of retro-parapharyngeal abscess with prevalent retronasopharyngeal extension in two men aged 60 and 82, both of whom underwent transnasal endoscopic drainage. The(More)