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FES (fat embolism syndrome) is a clinical problem, and, although ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) has been considered as a serious complication of FES, the pathogenesis of ARDS associated with FES remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the clinical manifestations, and biochemical and pathophysiological changes, in subjects(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Ischemia (I)/reperfusion (R) lung injury is an important clinical issue in lung transplantation. In the present study, we observed the effects of lung static inflation, different perfusates, and ventilatory gas with nitrogen or oxygen on the I/R-induced pulmonary damage. DESIGN AND SETTING A total of 96 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used.(More)
Hyperoxia may affect lung physiology in different ways. We investigated the effect of hyperoxia on the protein expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nitric oxide (NO) production, and hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) in rat lung. Twenty-four male rats were divided into hyperoxic and(More)
Eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) is a disease characterized by prominent infiltration of lung structures by eosinophils. The lung interstitium is infiltrated by eosinophils, and essentially the alveolar spaces are filled with eosinophils and a fibrinous exudate, with conservation of the global architecture of the lung. Diagnosis of EP relies on pathological(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of the most common extra-pancreatic complications of acute pancreatitis. In this study, we examined the protective effect of protease inhibitor aprotinin and a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPi) on pulmonary inflammation in rats with severe pancreatitis-associated ALI. METHOD A rat model of acute(More)
Human lymphotoxin-β receptor (LTβR), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, plays an essential role in secondary lymphoid organ development, host defense, chemokine secretion, and apoptosis. In our study, LTβR activations by different stimulations were all found to induce RANTES secretion. Overexpression of LTβR or stimulation LTβR by(More)
BACKGROUND For marginally operable stage IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), surgery might not be done as planned after neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for reasons (unresectable or medically inoperable conditions, or patient refusal). This study aims to investigate the outcomes of a phased CCRT protocol established to maximize the(More)
The association between spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) and stroke has not been reported, and this study aimed to explore this association. We used the National Health Insurance Research Database for conducting a nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study of patients newly hospitalized for SP from 2000 to 2010. A total of 2541 patients with(More)