D -Y Ruan

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Compound action potential recording techniques were used to investigate the time- and frequency-dependent effects of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and tetraethylammonium (TEA) on large diameter, fast conducting (t1) and medium diameter, middle conducting (t2) optic tract axons in anesthetized hooded rats. Single-pulse studies show 4-AP causes a rapid decrease in(More)
The orientation sensitivity of LGN cells to flickering square-wave gratings was measured in urethane-anaesthetized paralyzed cats. The mean ratio of the amplitude of peak responses to optimally oriented gratings to that elicited by gratings of the least effective orientation was 3.0 +/- 0.3 (S.E.). 58% of the recorded neurons responded best to orientations(More)
Neonatal rats were exposed to lead from parturition to weaning via the milk of dams drinking 0.2% lead acetate solution. The alterations of long-term potentiation (LTP) and paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) of hippocampal dentate gyrus in adult rats (90-115 days) following developmental lead exposure were studied in vivo. Input/output (I/O) function,(More)
Chronic developmental lead (Pb) exposure to the rat has been reported to impair the long-term potentiation (LTP) in area CA1 and DG of the hippocampus. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of chronic Pb exposure on homosynaptic short-term depression (STD) and long-term depression (LTD) of population spikes (PS) in area CA1 of the rat(More)
Neonatal Wistar rats were exposed to lead from parturition to weaning via the milk of dams drinking 0.2% lead acetate solution. The alterations in EPSPs in areas CA1 and CA3 of hippocampal slices of 60-day-old adult rats following developmental lead exposure were studied. The results demonstrate that lead exposure in neonatal rats causes a decrease in LTP(More)
Chronic developmental lead exposure is known to be associated with cognitive dysfunction in children. Impairment of the induction of long-term depression (LTD) has been reported in area CA1 and dentate gyrus (DG) of rat hippocampus following chronic lead exposure. The present study was carried out to investigate age-related alterations of LTD in area CA1(More)
Previous studies from our group have demonstrated that chronic aluminum exposure from parturition throughout life impairs both long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) slope and reduces the population spike (PS) amplitude in the rat dentate gyrus in vivo. The present study sought to extend(More)
As an important neurotoxin, aluminium can cause cognitive dysfunctions and mental diseases. Previous studies have reported that aluminium impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) in vivo and in vitro. Here, we utilise two models of synaptic plasticity, LTP and long-term depression (LTD) to study the effects of aluminium on synaptic plasticity in vivo. Neonatal(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic lead exposure may impair neuronal process underlying synaptic plasticity via a direct interaction with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of lead exposure on non-NMDA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid, AMPA/kainate)(More)
Aluminum (Al), an important neurotoxin, contributes to a variety of cognitive dysfunction and mental diseases. Previous studies have demonstrated that Al impairs hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, both LTP and LTD (long-term depression) were recorded in the same animal to investigate the Al-induced(More)